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This Day in Georgia History

July 04, 1864

Battle of Ruff’s Mill

As Union forces advanced on Atlanta, Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston continued to order Confederate forces to fall back towards the Chattahoochee River. There were various skirmishes, and southwest of Smyrna Gen. Veatch’s 4th Division of the 16th Corps engaged Confederates in the Battle of Ruff’s Mill. Union Gen. William T. Sherman considered a frontal assault but determined that Confederate infantry and artillery would extract a heavy toll so instead he sent Union cavalry upstream and downstream to look for bridges and ferries across the Chattahoochee.