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This Day in Georgia History

September 22, 1790

Augustus Baldwin Longstreet Born

Augustus Baldwin Longstreet, a man who would have many professions, was born in Augusta, Georgia. He attended Yale and a law school in Connecticut before returning to Georgia where he began the practice of law in 1815. In 1817, he moved to Greensboro, where four years later he was elected to the Georgia House of Representatives. In 1822, Longstreet was named superior court judge, serving three years until he returned to Augusta to resume the practice of law. In the early 1830s, he began writing and penned his most famous work–Georgia Scenes, a humorous series which told of life in the late 1700s. Between 1834 and 1836, Longstreet published the Augusta States Rights Sentinel. Then, in 1838, he became a Methodist minister. The next year he became president of Emory College, a post he held for nine years. Next, he briefly was president of a Louisiana college before becoming president of the University of Mississippi (1849-56). In 1858, Longstreet became president of the University of South Carolina. During the Civil War, he served as chaplain of a Georgia militia unit. After the war, he returned to Oxford, Mississippi, where he died July 9, 1870.