Calendar
Jan January
Feb February
Mar March
Apr April
May May
Jun June
Jul July
Aug August
Sep September
Oct October
Nov November
Dec December

This Day in Georgia History

December 17, 1833

James Thadeus Holtzclaw Born

Lawyer and Confederate general James Thadeus Holtzclaw was born in McDonough, Georgia. He later moved to Montgomery, Alabama, where he read law and was admitted to the bar in 1855. Here, he practiced law until the outbreak of the Civil War, when he joined the Montgomery True Blues as a lieutenant. Subsequently, Holtzclaw was commissioned as a major in the 18th Alabama in August 1861, and promoted to lieutenant colonel in December. He was seriously wounded in the Battle of Shiloh, but rejoined his unit in three months as a colonel. Holtzclaw commanded a brigade at Mobile, and later fought in the battles of Chickamauga, Lookout Mountain, and Missionary Ridge. He was promoted to brigadier general with command of his own brigade during Sherman’s Atlanta Campaign. After the fall of Atlanta, Holtzclaw’s Brigade accompanied Hood’s ill fated army into Tennessee and defeats at the battles of Franklin and Nashville. Gen. Holtzclaw was paroled in May 1865 and returned to Montgomery, where he resumed the practice of law. He also became active with the Democratic Party and served on the state railroad commission. He died in Montgomery on July 19, 1893.