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This Day in Georgia Civil War History

June 09, 1863

Battle of Brandy Station

The Battle of Brandy Station - the largest cavalry engagement of the war, and ever on American soil - took place. Union cavalry searching for the position of the Army of Northern Virginia as it began its march into Pennsylvania, encountered Confederate cavalry under J.E.B. Stuart at Brandy Station, Virginia. Stuart was surprised by the Union attack, and his headquarters overrun, but he was able to regroup and eventually drive the Union forces from the field. While the Union did not discover the Confederate army position, they did fight on an equal basis with the Southern cavalry - something that had not happened in the war to this time. So while the results of the battle were inconclusive, the Union cavalry came away with renewed confidence.