This Day in Georgia Civil War History
November 23, 1863
Battle of Orchard Knob
A series of engagements collectively known as the Battle of Chattanooga began on this day with the Battle of Orchard Knob. The Union forces in Chattanooga had been well supplied and well fortified over the previous two months, while the Confederate forces overlooking the city were weakened by sending troops to east Tennessee. Orchard Knob was a small hill halfway between Chattanooga and Missionary Ridge - where the bulk of the remaining Confederate army was entrenched. Union General Ulysses S. Grant sent three different columns of troops on movements on this day, both to expand his defensive perimeter, and to show his strength to the Confederates. One of the lines moved toward Orchard Knob, under heavy artillery fire, but after a relatively short engagement, the Confederates were forced to withdraw.