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1787 After debating for two days on whether to censure members of the Constitutional Convention for going beyond their authority in creating a new form of government, the U.S. Congress set in motion the ratification process for the new U.S. Constitution. Congress ordered that copies of the document be sent to the states and directed each state legislature to call a convention to vote on ratification.
1833 Black politician Madison Davis was born in Athens, Georgia. Until the end of the Civil War, Davis was the slave of a local carriage maker. After the war, he was one of two Clarke County delegates to the convention that framed the Constitution of 1868. Also in 1868, Davis was elected to the General Assembly. Because of their light complexions, he and one other black representative were allowed to keep their seats when the legislature voted to expel black members. In 1870, Davis was reelected to the House. In later years, he served as U.S. customs surveyor in Atlanta and as Athens postmaster. Davis was also active in Republican Party politics.
1930 Bobby Jones won the U.S. Amateur championship at Philadelphia, thus becoming the first player ever to make the "Grand Slam" by winning all four major titles (the U.S. Open, the U.S. Amateur, the British Open, and the British Amateur championship).
1945 The Atlanta Constitution published a story announcing that Marietta's Bell Bomber plant would soon be declared surplus by the U.S. War Department and put up for sale or lease.
1950 Heavyweight champ Ezzard Charles defeated Joe Louis in 15 rounds in New York City to retain the heavyweight boxing championship. Charles was born in Lawrenceville, Georgia.
1996 In his final game of the regular season, pitching great John Smoltz cemented his hold on the 1996 Cy Young Award. In winning his 24th game, he set a new Atlanta Braves record for regular season wins. Smoltz also extended his club strikeout record to 276.
1998 Playing at home on the final day of the regular season, the Atlanta Braves beat the New York Mets 7-2 for their 106th win – extending the franchise record set the previous day.
2005 The Atlanta Braves won their 14th consecutive National League division championship, establishing yet another new record for Major League Baseball.
Georgia cities and towns incorporated by acts approved on Sept. 27:
1883 Ball Ground (Cherokee County)
In Their Own Words on This Day. . .
1739 In Ebenezer, Johann Martin Boltzius recorded in his journal of his return that day from Savannah. There, he had personally presented the needs of the Salzburgers to James Oglethorpe, who gave Boltzius a widow to serve as his maid and also as a midwife to the community. In Savannah, Boltzius also learned that war was about to be declared:
Source: George Fenwick Jones and Renate Wilson (ed. and trans.), Detailed Reports on the Salzburger Emigrants Who Settled in America . . . Edited by Samuel Urlsperger (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1981), Vol. 6, p. 225.
1864 Col. Fredrick Winkler of the 26th Wisconsin Infantry wrote his wife from Atlanta:
For more, see This Week in Georgia Civil War History.
1928 On the previous evening, Franklin D. Roosevelt had given his first speech in Atlanta. He and other speakers had used the occasion to attack fellow Democrats who were opposing their party's presidential nominee – New York Gov. Al Smith (who also was Roman Catholic and an opponent of prohibition) – in that year's race against Republican Herbert Hoover. According to Atlanta Constitution reporter Paul Stevenson, the event was an old-fashioned political rally not seen in some time:
Source: Franklin M. Garrett, Atlanta and Environs: A Chronicle of Its People and Events (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1969 reprint of 1954 original volume), Part II, p. 838.
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