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1752 Officially, this day did not exist in Georgia. See Sept. 3 entry for reason.
1836 Joseph Wheeler, Jr. was born in Augusta, Georgia. After his mother died in 1842, his father took the family to Connecticut, where he owned part interest in a textile mill. After graduating from West Point in 1859, he was assigned to the New Mexico Territory in 1860. Here, during an encounter with hostile Indians, he earned the nickname "Fightin' Joe" – perhaps a particular compliment as he was only 5'5" tall and weighed 120 pounds. In April 1861, Wheeler resigned from the U.S. Army to accept a commission as a lieutenant in a Georgia artillery unit. In July 1862, he became commander of a cavalry division. After several key actions, he was promoted to brigadier general in October 1862.
During his service to the Confederacy, Wheeler had 16 horses shot out from under him. After the Civil War, he moved to Alabama, where in 1880 he was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives. Wheeler re-entered military service in the U.S. Army during the Spanish-American War as chief of cavalry for the Fifth Army Corps. During that conflict, he participated in several battles in Cuba – including San Juan Hill.
Wheeler died on January 25, 1906 while visiting his sister in Brooklyn, New York. Subsequently, he was buried in Arlington National Cemetery in Washington, D.C. – one of two Confederate generals interred in Arlington.
1901 University of Georgia football coach Harry Mehre was born in Huntington, Indiana. Entering Notre Dame University in 1918, he played varsity football along with George Gipp under legendary coach Knute Rockne. After graduating, Mehre coached football at St. Thomas College in Minnesota (1922-23). In 1924, University of Georgia coach George Woodruff hired Mehre to help Georgia adapt the Notre Dame offense. Four years later, Mehre was Georgia head coach.
In 1929, at the dedication of Sanford Stadium, Mehre's team shut out a Yale team that was favored win. He won many more games at Georgia, until his retirement following the 1937 season. The next year he went to Ole Miss, where he was head coach until 1945. Mehre returned to Georgia,where he began a business in Atlanta. However, he enjoyed writing about sports, and Ralph McGill hired him to write for the Atlanta Constitution. Later, he became a columnist-analyst for the Atlanta Journal. In 1971, he was inducted into the Georgia Sports Hall of Fame. Mehre died in Atlanta on Sept. 27, 1978. The University of Georgia later named the building housing its Athletic Association offices and Heritage Hall in honor of Mehre and former coach Wallace Butts.
1980 In the largest peaceful protest ever in a Georgia state prison, over 1000 inmates at the Georgia State Prison in Reidsville refused to work in order to dramatize their plea for more rights and better living conditions
1994 Civil rights leader James Lofton Barnes was found murdered at his office in Dawson, the victim of a robbery.
2002 The Atlanta Braves clinched a record breaking eleventh straight division title. Oddly, they did it without playing a game, as second place Philadelphia lost, assuring the Braves of winning the crown.
Georgia cities and towns incorporated by acts approved on Sept. 10:
1891 Nelson (Cherokee and Pickens counties)
In Their Own Words on This Day. . .
1738 As the Trustees' secretary, William Stephens kept an almost daily journal of the happenings in colonial Georgia. His entries for Sundays were usually very brief, mentioning someone reading the "divine service." But the events on this Sunday were not routine:
Source: William Stephens, A Journal of the Proceeding in Georgia ([not city]: Readex Microprint Corporation, 1966), Vol. I, pp. 283-284.
1864 Among the Union forces occupying Atlanta was Col. Fredrick Winkler of the 26th Wisconsin Infantry. On this day, he wrote his wife:
For more, see This Week in Georgia Civil War History.
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