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1752 This day did not happen in Georgia or the other British colonies. While the day before was Sept. 2, today officially was Sept. 14. As part of switching Julian to the Gregorian calendar, 11 days had to be eliminated from the year 1752. Sept. 3 was the first casualty.
1779 Count d'Estaing and a French fleet of 22 ships and 4,000 men arrived off the coast of Georgia.
Their mission was to participate in a joint American-French effort to take Savannah from the British. Thus began the siege of Savannah, an important event in the Revolutionary War in Georgia.
1783 The American Revolution officially ended with the signing of the Treaty of Paris.
Of particular importance to Georgia was that the treaty stipulated the southern boundary of the United States as the point in the middle of the Mississippi River intersected by the 31st parallel of latitude eastward to the middle of the Chattahoochee River, then southward to the confluence of the Chattahoochee and Flint rivers, then eastward in a straight line to the head of the St. Marys River, then eastward down the middle of the St. Marys to the Atlantic Ocean. Because Georgia was the southernmost state, the Treaty of Paris in effect established Georgia's southern boundary (although Spain would contest a portion of that boundary).
1862 Confederate Secretary of War George Randolph issued an order suspending the writ of habeas corpus in Atlanta and any area within five miles of its city limits.
For more, see This Week in Georgia Civil War History.
1864 From near Lovejoy's Station, General William T. Sherman sent the following telegram to Gen. Slocum, commander of the 20th Corps, in Atlanta:
As Federal troops marched into Atlanta, Sherman sent a telegraph to Washington stating: "Atlanta is ours and fairly won."
For more, see This Week in Georgia Civil War History.
1868 Meeting in the Atlanta City Hall-Fulton County Courthouse (which was serving as temporary state capitol), the Georgia House of Representatives voted to remove black members of that body on the grounds that the state constitution did not recognize the right of black citizens to hold public office and thus made them ineligible to sit in the General Assembly.
Of the 29 black representatives, four mulatto members were allowed to hold their seat, while the remaining 25 were removed. Ten days later, the Georgia Senate removed its 3 black members.
1888 Noted virologist Thomas M. Rivers was born in Jonesboro, Georgia. In the 1920s, his research established that viruses were different from bacteria, leading to the establishment of virology as a distinct area of scientific study. As a result of his pioneering studies, Rivers has been called the "father of modern virology."
From 1938 to 1955, he chaired the virus research committee of the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis (which became the March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation). Rivers helped organized the research program that resulted in the Salk and Sabin vaccines against polio.
Rivers died in New York City on May 12, 1962.
1928 Ty Cobb got his 4191th – and final – major league baseball hit.
1976 Speaking from his home in Plains, Jimmy Carter launched the final phase of his presidential campaign.
On this day, Carter announced that balancing the budget was his top priority, even ahead of his welfare reform and national health insurance packages. He promised that "there will be no new programs implemented under my administration unless we can be sure that the cost of those programs is compatible with my goal of having a balanced budget before the end of my term."
1987 Lockheed Aeronautical Systems Company was created from the Georgia and California companies, with the Georgia Division responsible for primary LASC production, second source production, major subcontracting, and major aircraft modification. [Contributed by Dr. Tom Scott, Kennesaw State University]
Georgia cities and towns incorporated by acts approved on Sept. 3:
1989 Lumber City (Telfair County)
In Their Own Words on This Day. . .
1734 One of Georgia's colonists was Isaac Clarke, a doctor who had agreed to practice medicine in Savannah for a year if the Trustees would provide him a house. Apparently, Clarke thought that he would be Savannah's only doctor, which should allow him to support himself from patient fees. With James Oglethorpe in England, Thomas Causton was in charge of Savannah, and Clarke was very upset over Causton's treatment of him, as evidenced by this letter from Clarke to the Trustees written on this day:
Source: Mills Lane (ed.), General Oglethorpe's Georgia: Colonial Letters, 1733-1743 (Savannah: Beehive Press, 1990), Vol. I, pp. 49-50.
1864 The Civil War was beginning to hit very close to home for Gertrude Thomas and her family in Richmond County:
Source: Virginia Ingraham Burr (ed.), The Secret Eye: The Journal of Ella Gertrude Clanton Thomas, 1848-1889 (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1990), p. 233.
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