TDGH - October 25
This Day in Georgia History
Ed Jackson and Charles Pou
The University of Georgia
1760 In London, King George II – the
monarch for whom Georgia was named and who signed the 1732 charter creating the colony – died. [Some sources cite the date of his death as Oct. 26.] His grandson succeeded to the throne
1980 The University of Georgia
Bulldogs continued their unbeaten season with a 27-0 victory over Kentucky
in Lexington. Herschel Walker ran for 135 yards and a touchdown, while quarterback
Buck Belue threw for 228 yards and another touchdown. Also, Georgia's defense recorded
its second straight shutout.
1990 Evander Holyfield knocked
out Buster Douglas in the third round to become undisputed world heavyweight
boxing champion. This marked the first of three times he would win this title – a
record only matched by Muhammad Ali.
1995 In Game 4, the Atlanta
Braves beat the Cleveland Indians 5-2 to go up 3 games to 1 in the 1995 World
Series. Steve Avery pitched six innings without allowing a hit, with reliever
Pedro Borbon taking over in the late innings for a save.
John Smoltz was honored with the Roberto
Clemente Award, given annually to the major league baseball player who
best exhibits both performance on the field and dedication to humanitarianism
and community service.
Georgia towns and cities incorporated by acts approved
on Oct. 25:
1870 Brooksville (Randolph
County), Preston (Webster County), and Spring Vale (Randolph
1889 Hilton (Early County)
In Their Own Words on This Day. . .
1853 While on a visit to
Atlanta, former Georgia governor Wilson Lumpkin wrote a letter to his daughter,
Martha, detailing the selection of the southern terminus of the Western &
"You doubtless have some recollections of my spending
the year 1842, in the days of your childhood, superintending the affairs
of our great State Rail Road, known as the Western and Atlantic Railroad.
Most of the important incidents attending the labors of my public life I
have recorded elsewhere, but there is one particular circumstance connected
with that service which I deem especially appropriate that I should communicate
to you in a more detailed and particular manner than might be necessary
to satisfy the curiosity of all other except yourself. It is an occurrence
connected with the terminus of that great road, and the name of the town
located at that point, – known by the name of Atlanta.
"That location was made after the most careful examination
of the contiguous country, and due consideration of all its advantages.
It was entirely selected by Charles F. M. Garnett, then Chief Engineer of
the State of Georgia and myself, for the purpose above indicated.
"When selected it was in a perfect state of nature
– a wild unmolested forest, not a fence or cabin to be seen anywhere in
sight of the location, nor did we even know who was the owner of the land
which we had selected for these important purposes and now stands by the
largest inland town in Georgia. Upon inquiry, however, we found the place
we had selected belonged to Mr. Samuel Mitchell of Pike County, Georgia.
I immediately wrote to Mr. Mitchell, and sent by communication by a
trustworthy express informing him of our selection and that if he was legal
owner of the place I wish to purchase of him a few acres for the purpose
of erecting the necessary depot buildings, etc., thereon, and further requesting
him to visit me at Marietta, without delay for the purpose of consummating
our object. . . .
"Upon the arrival of Mr. Mitchell at Marietta, my headquarters,
I was very much pleased to find him all that could be desired – a sensible,
plain, independent, naturalized citizen of Georgia, who had long resided
in the State, and by his industry, care and good conduct, had accumulated
an ample competence of the good things in this life, – consequently
found our business transactions of most pleasant character.
"My anticipation of the vast importance of this spot
of ground falling far short of that which has already been realized in regard
to population, business and expansion of everything connected with the
place, I confess caused me to err greatly in not procuring more land that
I did from Mr. Mitchell for public purposes.
"He said from our first interview that he would receive
nothing from the State, and claimed as a right and urged that he should
have the honor of making the State a donation of all ground that might be
necessary for public purposes free of charge, although I urged him to receive
a fair compensation.
"Consequently I was forced to take his conveyance free
of charge to the State. I therefore took only five acres, which was necessary
for present purposes, and I must confess his cleverness and liberality influenced
me to take less land that I should have done if he would have suffered
me to pay him a fair price for the land. . . .
". . . It was incorporated by the Legislature as the
town of Marthasville. A post office was established by the Federal Government
and a Post master appointed by the same for the town of Marthasville, –
and it would have been that name yet here but for the predominating low
voice of envy. . . .
"Mr. Mitchell was the owner of the land, and he alone
had the right to lay out a town upon the same and give it a name to suit
himself, nor do I deny the right of the Legislature to alter and change
the names of our towns and counties. . . . They may yet in some paroxysm
change or rub out the great city of Atlanta and substitute or reinstate
your name. But whether they do it, or not, is a matter of small consequence,
since your honored promotion in this matter was acquired without seeking,
and was lost without a charge or whisper of lessened merit or worth
on your part or your family. And you may always remember that one of the
most distinguished towns in Georgia was located by your father, and by
its original and first proprietor named in honor of yourself 'Marthasville.'
The name being stolen from you will never change the facts appertaining
to the case.
"I think, however, the legislature had just the same
right to change your name as they had the right to change the name of the
town called after you, – they would have acted more consistently to have
changed your name, as well as your town, to that of Atlanta."
Source: Franklin M. Garrett, Atlanta and Environs: A
Chronicle of Its People and Events (Athens: University of Georgia Press,
1969 reprint of 1954 original volume), Vol. I, pp. 185-186, 227.
1864 The Confederate Union of Milledgeville printed a blunt editorial on the lack of hope for foreign intervention to help the South in the Civil War, and what they considered the Northern mind set - even more brutal war ending with the subjugation of the South.
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