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1781 British Gen. Cornwallis surrendered at Yorktown, Virginia, thus freeing more Continental troops to help in Georgia, where British forces were still in control of Savannah.
1790 Georgia signer of the Declaration of Independence and former governor Lyman Hall died in Burke County, Georgia.
1858 Alice M. Birney, founder of the PTA, was born in Cobb County, Georgia.
1870 Politician Charles Robert Crisp born was born in Ellaville, Ga. He began his career at age nineteen went he went to Washington, DC to work for the Department of the Interior. Two years later he was appointed parliamentarian of the House of Representatives (his father was Speaker of the House). During this time the younger Crisp compiled a Manual and Digest of the Rules of the House of Representatives.
In 1895 Crisp returned to Americus, Ga., where he began a law career. Five years later, he became city court judge in Americus. He resigned this judgeship to return to Washington as House parliamentarian in 1911, then served as parliamentarian for the Democratic convention which nominated Woodrow Wilson in 1912.
Later that year, Crisp was elected to Congress from his home district (the 3rd) in Georgia. He would serve ten terms in this post, ultimately becoming chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee. His political career ended when he lost his bid for the Senate in 1932 to Richard Russell. After serving briefly on the U.S. Tariff Commission, he retired to Americus, where he died February 7, 1937.
1960 Rich's, located in downtown Atlanta, was the city's largest and most popular popular department store.
It was always a treat to have lunch in the store's famous Magnolia Room – if you were white. On this day, Martin Luther King Jr. and dozens of other protesters tried to reverse the restaurant's segregated policy and were arrested in a sit-down demonstration after being refused service. King and 14 others arrested refused bond.
1962 Long-time Atlanta resident and three-time world heavyweight boxing champion Evander Holyfield was born in Atmore, Alabama.
1976 Campaigning in Miami, Jimmy Carter outlined his proposed health program, which would put more emphasis on preventing disease and injury than in reacting to them. Speaking to the annual convention of the American Public Health Association, Carter said "we've stressed cure and ignored prevention. We've made the hospital the first line of defense instead of the last."
1991 Playing at Minnesota's Metrodome, the Atlanta Braves fell 5-2 to the Twins in the opening game of their first World Series since 1958.
1999 In the 11th inning at Turner Stadium, the Atlanta Braves beat the New York Mets 10-9 to win the National League championship and advance to the World Series against the New York Yankees.
In Their Own Words on This Day . . .
1864 From his plantation near Rockbridge, Thomas Maguire wrote in his journal about efforts to conceal food supplies from foraging Union troops:
Source: Franklin M. Garrett, Atlanta and Its Environs: A Chronicle of Its People and Events (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1969 reprint of original 1954 edition), Vol. 1, p. 648.
For more, see This Week in Georgia Civil War History.
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