TDGH - November 16
This Day in Georgia
- Ed Jackson and Charles Pou
- The University of Georgia
1732 The Trustees
traveled to Gravesend to visit the first Georgia colonists, who
were scheduled to sail the next day. Aboard the Anne, the Trustees
asked if any of the prospective settlers would prefer not to embark
on the voyage. Only one man – whose wife was sick and not able
to make the trip – decided not to go. The Trustees then bid James Oglethorpe and the 114 colonists farewell.
1737 At this
day's meeting, the Georgia Trustees learned that the British government
had just assigned ships to transport 300 soldiers in James Oglethorpe's
new regiment to Frederica on St. Simons Island, along with 150
wives and 130 children. More importantly, King George II had agreed
to pay the regiment's expenses for the first six months out of
his own funds.
1860 The Georgia General Assembly, meeting in the (then) state capital of Milledgeville, passed an act (see text) appropriating one million dollars for the defense of Georgia, to be used by Governor Joseph E. Brown as needed in 1861. See This Week in Georgia Civil War History for this and other events.
1864 With much
of Atlanta in ruins, Gen. William T. Sherman and his 14th Corps departed
the city one day after the other three corps has started their
March to the Sea. See This Week in Georgia Civil War History for some personal accounts of the beginning of the march.
of the Georgia Senate John M. Slaton was sworn in as acting governor
following the election of Gov. Hoke Smith to fill the unexpired
term of U.S. Senator Alexander S. Clay.
In a January 1912 special
election, Joseph M. Brown was elected governor to fill Smith's
term, but he chosen not run for reelection. In late 1912, Slaton
overwhelmingly won the race for governor, taking office in June
1962 The LaSalle
Corporation, headed by Bill Bartholomay, purchased the Milwaukee
Braves from the Perini Corporation for $5.5 million.
1998 One day
before the 37th anniversary of the launching of the "Albany
Movement," the Albany
Civil Rights Museum opened in Albany, Georgia. Created as an educational
center highlighting the role the Albany-area played in the civil
rights movement – particularly during the early 1960s – the
museum is housed in the restored Mount Zion Church, which is listed
on the National Register of Historic Places.
civil rights leader and minister Hosea Williams died in Atlanta
at age 74 after a long battle with cancer.
Born in Attapulgus,
Georgia on Jan. 5, 1926, Williams attended Morris Brown College
and Atlanta University. In 1963, he was recruited to join Martin
Luther King's civil rights campaign. Williams became a community
organizer for the Southern Christian Leadership Conference and
one of King's key aides. In 1987, Williams led over 20,000 civil
rights supporters in a march in Forsyth County, Georgia.
he had a political career that included ten years in the Georgia
General Assembly and ten years on the Atlanta City Council. Williams
is perhaps best remembered for his annual "Feed the Hungry"
program in Atlanta that provided free meals for 30,000 people
at Thanksgiving and 40,000 at Christmas.
2010 The Atlanta Braves acquired power hitting second baseman Dan Uggla from the Florida Marlins in exchange for All-Star utility man Omar Infante and pitcher Mike Dunn.
In Their Own Words on This Day. . .
1850 Over a decade
before Georgia's secession, there was talk of Georgia withdrawing
from the Union. In response to Congress' passage of an act two
months earlier admitting California as a new state (in which slavery
would be prohibited), the Southern Rights Association at Mercer
University adopted a resolution stating:
"Resolved: That we recognize no
such State de jure as California, and hence, that her
admission into the Union as such, with a Constitution, prohibiting
slavery, was a gross fraud upon Southern rights, and a palpable
violation of the Constitution, which expressly limits the power
of Congress to the admission of States. . . .
"Resolved, That in the present
state of public sentiment at the North, we can find no evidence
of future security; on the contrary, we have the most convincing
proofs of a decided and permanent hostility to our rights, which,
if not arrested, will continue to increase until slavery in the
States is abolished or the Union destroyed. . . .
"Resolved, That we would demand of the
people of the North such acts and such practical assurances of
good faith as will convince us we may remain in the Union without
further molestation, and that without such assurance we would
dissolve the Union which is used as a instrument to oppress us."
Source: Spencer B. King, Jr., Georgia Voices:
A Documentary History to 1872 (Athens: University of Georgia
Press, 1966, reprinted 1974), p. 262-263.
1862 Upset over
Atlanta merchants exploiting local residents by raising the price
of food and necessities, an angry Mrs. Welborn wrote Georgia governor
Joseph E. Brown in Milledgeville:
"Here in Atlanta they will keep both
dry goods and provisions stored away in cellars and upstairs,
and let the poor soldiers' family perish before they will let
them have anything for less than three or four times its value.
And if there is any talk of putting down the prices of the necessaries
of life, they will run off all they can to get it out of reach
of the city authorities. Is there no way to stop the tide of
extortion that is sweeping over the Confederacy and threatening
to devastate and ruin it. What encouragement have soldiers to
fight for a government that will allow a set of blackhearted
Tories to remain at home and perish their families at home? They
are as black-hearted as the wretches who have invaded our soil,
for they are enemies in our midst that are doing, this day, more
towards subjugating the South than those Northern vandals that
spread consternation and terror wherever they go. . . .
"Even here in Atlanta, where there is
an abundance of provisions, there is a great deal of suffering
among the poor class in consequence of the high price of provisions
and the low price of labor. There are many of the poor who cannot
obtain meat at present prices, bacon at 75¢ per pound, port
at 35¢, butter at $1.50 per pound, lard at 50¢, potatoes
$2 per bushel, salt $1.50 per pound, syrup $2.50 per gallon,
coffee is out of the question, calico $1.50 per yard, bleach
domestic $1.50 and all other goods according[ly]. Such are the
prices. There is a plenty stored away for higher prices. I saw
a merchant in Atlanta pull out goods from under his counter that
usually stay on the shelves.
"The men who take government contracts
are speculating on the poor that have to do the work. Where government
allows them $3 for making a soldier's suit, they will only allow
the poor women $1 for making the same. Thus they realize a fortune
in a few months. So it is in Columbus, Georgia, where some of
the contractors' wives boast that if the war will only continue
a few months longer, their husbands will be a millionaire. Such
people would not have this war to end! The poor soldiers are
often compelled to eat meat that is spoiled or none at all, such
as the commissary can buy at very low figures. There are instances
where men who have had government contracts have realized $100,000
in six months! There is the grandest scheme of speculation and
fraud going on in the Confederacy that the world ever knew. .
"I do think that Atlanta and Columbus,
Georgia, are the crowning points of all the cities in the Confederacy
for speculation and fraud. When the war first began I thought
there was a great deal of patriotism among us, but, alas, where
is it? Avariciousness has almost conquered it!"
Source: Mills Lane (ed.), Georgia: History
written by Those who lived It (Savannah: Beehive Press, 1995),
For more, see This Week in Georgia Civil War History.
1864 In his memoirs,
Sherman wrote of this day:
"About 7 a.m. of November 16th we rode
out of Atlanta by the Decatur road, filled by the marching troops
and wagons of the Fourteenth Corps; and reaching the hill, just
outside of the old rebel works, we naturally paused to look back
upon the scenes of our past battles. We stood upon the very ground
whereon was fought the bloody battle of July 22d and could see
the copse of wood where McPherson fell. Behind us lay Atlanta,
smoldering and in ruins, the black smoke rising high in air and
hanging like a pall over the ruined city. . . . Then we turned our
horses' heads to the east; Atlanta was soon lost behind the screen
of trees, and became a thing of the past. Around it clings many
a thought of desperate battle, of hope and fear, that now seem
like the memory of a dream. The day was extremely beautiful,
clear sunlight, with bracing air, and an unusual feeling of exhilaration
seemed to pervade all minds – a feeling of something to come,
vague and undefined, still full of venture and intense interest."
Source: Mills Lane (ed.), Marching Through
Georgia: William T. Sherman's Personal Narrative of His March
Through Georgia (New York: Arno Press, 1978), p. 148.
For more, see This Week in Georgia Civil War History.
1864 From his
plantation near Rockbridge, Thomas Maguire wrote in his journal
his fears that Union soldiers were on the way to his house:
"Up last night nearly all night. News
that Yankees were coming this way after burning Atlanta, Decatur
and some houses at Stone Mountain. Hid out box, tools, horse,
buggy and other things. Mr. Anderson left after breakfast. We
are now waiting for the worst to come, still hoping they will
not come this way. If they are coming there will be here by nine
o'clock. It is now 7. I went to see Mr. Anderson and while I
was gone the Yankees came sure enough. I did not like to go back
home so I stayed with David. A little after ten the Yankees were
here and coming. Slocum's corps came and camped all around the
house. At every side hogs and sheep are being shot down and skinned
to regale the Yankee palates. Mr. Anderson and I slept in the
woods all night, not very pleasant for either body or mind not
knowing what was going on at home."
Source: Franklin M. Garrett, Atlanta and
Its Environs: A Chronicle of Its People and Events (Athens:
University of Georgia Press, 1969 reprint of original 1954 volume),
1864 From her
plantation near Covington, Ga., Dolly Lunt Burge wrote in her
"As I could not obtain in Covington what
I went for in the way of dye stuffs, etc., I concluded this morning,
in accordance with Mrs. Ward's wish, to go to the Circle. We
took Old Dutch and had a pleasant ride as it was a delightful
day, but how dreary looks the town! Where formerly all was bustle
and business, now naked chimneys and bare walls, for the depot
and surroundings were all burned by last summer's raiders. Engaged
to sell some bacon and potatoes. Obtained my dye stuffs. Paid
seven dollars [Confederate money] a pound for coffee, six dollars
an ounce for indigo, twenty dollars for a quire of paper, five
dollars for ten cents' worth of flax thread, six dollars for
pins, and forty dollars for a bunch of factory thread. On our
way home we met Brother Evans accompanied by John Hinton, who
inquired if we had heard that the Yankees were coming. He said
that a large force was at Stockbridge, that the Home Guard was
called out, and that it was reported that the Yankees were on
their way to Savannah. We rode home chatting about it and finally
settled it in our minds that it could not be so. Probably a foraging
party. Just before night I walked up to Joe Perry's to know if
they had heard anything of the report. He was just starting off
to join the company [the Home Guard], being one of them."
Source: A Woman's Wartime Journal: an Account of the Passage over a Georgia Plantation of Sherman's Army on the March to the Sea, as recorded in the Diary of Dolly Sumner Lunt (Mrs. Thomas Burge)
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