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1732 James Oglethorpe spent the day in London taking care of last minute details for the departure of the first shipload of colonists for Georgia in three days. This night would be his last at his London townhouse for almost a year and a half.
1805 In Washington, D.C., Creek chiefs and U.S. commissioners signed the Treaty of Washington.The agreement gave the U.S. permission to construct a road through the Creek Nation to run from Fort Hawkins on the Ocmulgee River (site of current-day Macon) to Fort Mims on the eastern side of the Mobile River in Alabama. More importantly, the treaty extended Georgia westward to the Ocmulgee River.
1864 Gen. Sherman and a portion of his forces arrived back in Atlanta from having pursued Hood's retreating army. The day was spent in last minute preparations in getting the 62,000-man Army of the Tennessee ready to depart on its March to the Sea. Over one million rations have been distributed to the troops, which should last almost three weeks. Additionally, a herd of beef cattle as been assembled to accompany the army. But, recognizing these rations would be insufficient for the march, Sherman days before had issued instructions that his army "forage liberally on the country during the march." As for Atlanta, Sherman later recalled a special assignment he gave for the 14th:
1914 In the case of Frank v. State, the Georgia Supreme Court issued its decision turning down all of Leo Frank's motions and appeals, thus affirming both the conduct of the trial and the judgment. [Click here to read about one of Georgia's most famous – and many would say infamous – trials.]
1944 The special commission working on a new constitution for Georgia reversed itself from the previous day. After lengthy debate, the commission struck the local government home rule provision approved the day before. Instead the commission voted to ask the legislature to pass a resolution allowing home rule.
2008 Three astronauts with Georgia ties lifted off aboard the space shuttle Endeavor: Eric Boe, Robert Kimbrough, and Sandra Magnus. They were to spend Thanksgiving in space aboard the International Space Station.
2011 Atlanta Braves' relief pitcher Craig Kimbrel was named National League Rookie of the Year. Kimbrel saved 46 games for the Braves, a rookie record and tied for the most in the league. He also led all major league relief pitchers with 127 strikeouts. Finishing second in the Rookie of the Year voting was yet another Atlanta Brave - first baseman Freddie Freeman.
In Their Own Words on This Day. . .
1826 One manifestation of sectionalism was a growing belief across the South that it was dangerous for young southern men to be educated in the North because they might be exposed to anti-slavery sentiment. One example of this belief was expressed at a meeting of the University of Georgia's governing body, the Senatus Academicus, on this day:
Source: Spencer B. King, Jr., Georgia Voices: A Documentary History to 1872 (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1966, reprinted 1974), p. 253.
1860 Following the election of Abraham Lincoln as president, the Georgia General Assembly invited the state's political leaders to address that body on the future course of action Georgia should take. On the evening of Nov. 14, Congressman Alexander Stephens gave one of his most memorable speeches in which he called for patience and moderation:
Source: Spencer B. King, Jr., Georgia Voices: A Documentary History to 1872 (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1966, reprinted 1974), p. 273.
1864 In his personal narrative of the march through Georgia, Gen. William T. Sherman wrote:
Source: Mills Lane (ed.), Marching Through Georgia: William T. Sherman's Personal Narrative of His March Through Georgia (New York: Arno Press, 1978), pp. 146-147.
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