TDGH - May 22
This Day in Georgia History
Ed Jackson and Charles Pou
The University of Georgia
1782 In New York, Sir Guy
Carleton, commanding general of British forces in America, ordered the evacuation
of Savannah and all of Georgia by British forces.
1819 The Savannah
steamed out of Savannah harbor destined for Liverpool, England – a journey
that would take 29 days and make history as the first steamboat to cross
the Atlantic Ocean. However, once at sea, most of the Savannah's voyage
was made under sail, as its supply of fuel (coal and wood) was exhausted
after 105 hours of steam power.
1875 Artist Lucy May Stanton was born in Atlanta, Georgia. By age seven. she was already showing great
promise as a painter. Throughout her adult life, Stanton traveled extensively
doing exhibitions and teaching art and art history. She was most noted for
the unique style of her miniatures, which won her numerous awards and critical
acclaim. Collections of her work are housed in many of America's finest museums,
including the Metropolitan Museum, the Smithsonian Institution, the Philadelphia
Museum of Art, and the Georgia Museum of Art. Emory University also houses
a large collection of her miniatures.
Lucy May Stanton Self Portrait
In her latter years, Stanton lived
in Athens with her sister, continuing to paint from a studio she had constructed
in 1910. She died in Athens on March 19, 1931, and was buried in Oconee Hill
1884 Former Confederate general
William Tatum Wofford died near Cass Station, Georgia.
Born June 28, 1824
in Habersham County, Ga., Wofford became a lawyer, planter, politician, and
newspaper editor -- also fighting in the Mexican War. In June 1861, he was
designated a colonel in the 18th Georgia, subsequently serving in North Carolina,
the Peninsula Campaign, and the battles of Seven Pines, Seven Days, Second
Manassas, South Mountain, Sharpsburg, and Fredericksburg. In Jan. 1863, he
was promoted to brigadier general and commanded a brigade in McLaws' Division
at Salem Church and Gettysburg , and a brigade in Kersha's Division at the
Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, and Cedar Creek. Toward
the end of the war, Gov. Joseph E. Brown requested that Wofford command the
Dept. of North Georgia. After the war, he was elected to Congress from Georgia,
but Radical Republicans would not allow he and other Democrats to take their
1913 A new controversy arose
in the Mary Phagan murder investigation. Phagan's stepfather signed an affidavit
accusing Thomas Felder, the attorney responsible for bringing the Burns Detective
Agency into the case, of approaching him about allowing Felder to prosecute
the case. Detectives presented transcripts of dictograph recordings in which
Felder had offered them $1000 for access to the case evidence. Click here for a detailed accounting of the case.
1927 Oglethorpe University presented an honorary Doctor of Laws degree to publisher William Randolph
Hearst, who was a generous benefactor of the Atlanta institution.
1932 In the middle of the
Depression, New York Gov. Franklin D. Roosevelt came to Atlanta to give the
commencement address [see text] for Oglethorpe
University. More than 4,000 people attended his speech in the Fox Theatre.
This would be Roosevelt's last major speech before accepting the presidential
nomination of the Democratic Party in Chicago in July. [Click here
to read story of Roosevelt's commencement address.]
1944 A 3-cent stamp commemorating
the 125th anniversary of the steamship Savannah becoming the first
steam-powered vessel to cross the Atlantic Ocean was released with first
day of issue ceremonies held in Savannah, Ga. Click here
to view the stamp and read more about it.
1981 Police staking out
a bridge on Cobb Drive hear a splash in the water and see a car driving off
the bridge. The car was stopped and the driver, Wayne Williams, questioned.
Two days later a body is discovered downstream from the bridge, and almost
a month later Williams was arrested as the main suspect in the Atlanta Child Murders case.
1985 Pete Rose scored his
2,108th run to surpass Hank Aaron's National League record.
1992 Atlanta Braves pitcher
Tom Glavine failed to establish a new franchise record of 14 consecutive
wins, as the Braves fell to the Montreal Expos. Still, Glavine's previous
win tied Charlie Buffinton's club record of 13 straight wins.
In Their Own Words on This Day. . .
1733 As recorded by the
Earl of Egmont in his journal of Trustee proceedings, much of this day's
meeting was devoted to debating the Tail [or Tale] Male policy, which if
strictly enforced, would not permit female inheritance of the land grants
in Georgia. Of all the raw materials the Trustees expected from Georgia,
silk was probably the most important. Therefore, they had arranged to send
a group of 40 Vaudois [Italian Protestants] who were skilled in silk production
and agriculture to Georgia. However, the Vaudois refused to go once they
learned that their wives and daughters would not be allowed to inherit their
land. Of the seven Trustees present for today's meeting, all but Egmont and
Robert Hucks were willing to amend the Tail Male policy for the Vaudois.
Egmont's argument, however, was:
"Such alteration in favour of the Vaudois, would create
un-easiness in the English and Saltsburgers [sic] who went over on the
foot of Tale male only, and raise their jealouisie that more Should be
indulged to the Italians than to them. That when this desire had been exprest
on former occasions, we had opposed it upon just apprehension that the
female might marry a Man who would not live on the land, wch. of course
would remain uncultivated, and Men inhabitants who are the Strength of
towns and Countries be lessen'd. That this once obtained, it would be followed
by a liberty to Sell, which would make our Grants become a bubble in Exchange
Ally. That it was unnecessary the Vaudois Should insist on it, Since we
Should not refuse any particular female her desire when judged reasonable,
and for the good of the Colony, but because Such application might Some
times be hurtfull it was fit [we] Should re[tain] the power in our own
hands. Mr. Chandler Said he doubted if our restraining females from Succeeding
is good in law, being contrary to the law of England. To wch. we reply'd
that Grants are a gift which may be qualified as agreed on between the
Parties . . . ."
Source: Robert G. McPherson (ed.), The Journal of The
Earl of Egmont: Abstract of the Trustees Proceedings for Establishing the
Colony of Georgia: 1732-1738 (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1962),
1737 John Wesley and his
brother Charles endured some rough weather in the course of their ministry:
"Sat. May 22. About four in the afternoon we enter'd
upon Doboy Sound. The Wind, which was right a Head, was so high, when we
were in the middle of it, and the Sea so rough, being driven in at the
inlet, that the Boat was on the Point of sinking every Moment. But it pleased
God to bring us safe to the other Side in half an Hour, and to Frederica
the next morning. We had Publick Prayers at Nine, at which nineteen Persons
were present; and (I think) nine Communicants."
Source: [no author or editor cited], Our First Visit
in America: Early Reports from the Colony of Georgia, 1732-1740 (The
Beehive Press, Savannah, 1974), p. 200-201.
1864 From Bartow County,
Maj. Fredrick Winkler of the 26th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry wrote to his
wife about a lull in battle during Sherman's Atlanta Campaign:
"This is a much pleasanter Sunday morning than it
was a week ago, not in point of weather alone, but it is more Sunday like.
No booming of cannon, no rattling of musketry, no ordering voices harsh
with excitement, no shrieks of wounded, no groans of dying, no confusion
of battle disturbs the holy quiet of the Sabbath Day. A week ago the riot
of human weakness, folly and passion seemed to contend with the goodness
of God and for a time almost to gain mastery over it; Nature was calm
and placid, the happy birds sung merrily in green boughs, the air was
balmy and soft, all betokened the beneficence of the Ruler above, but man
converted this scene of peaceful calm to a Pandemonium of terror and destruction
until Night kindly threw its mantle over the scene and screened the combatants
from each other's view Brave men may, but I believe there are very few,
if any, who take delight in battle, and very few who in the heat of an
engagement will not welcome the coming night as that of a friend who will
stop the fierce wrangle and bring relief to the struggling men. There is
something so providentially kind in it to those who have survived the dangers
of the day, in the fall of night upon the battle field. It brings relief
to the anxious heart and inspires it with gratitude to God for the favors
shown during those hours of danger. I have just obtained leave for my
Quartermaster to go to Chattanooga for my valise. He will take this letter.
There are all sorts of rebel movements in circulation. We have great faith
in our generals. It seems to me that Sherman has displayed the qualities
of a very able and energetic general. We had a circular from him this morning,
in which he said that all reports about his suppressing mail communications
between soldiers and their friends at home were false; that, on the contrary,
he encouraged such correspondence and wished all subordinate commanders
to take measures to make the mall service in the field as efficient as
possible; the only thing he discouraged was the idlers who traffic in news
injurious to the army. I rode over to Cassville last night; it is quite
a pretty village with several churches but deserted and desolate."
Source: Civil War Letters of Major Fredrick C. Winkler, in 26th Wisconsin Infantry Volunteers Home Page
For more, see This Week in Georgia Civil War History.
1864 Another soldier in
Sherman's forces was Capt. Henry A. Potter of the 4th Michigan Cavalry. On
this day, from near Kingston, he wrote his sister:
". . . My health is good. We are having very warm
weather at present. Our Division moves tomorrow with 20 days rations, as
does the whole army. I believe. I send you some Photographs. My company
was in the extreme advance the 18th. I had my men deployed as skirmishers
on the left on a hill our attention all directed to the front when a regiment
of rebels came charging around to my left and near. Yelling like incarnate
fiends. My men saw the situation as soon as I and giving orders to fall
back to the road we succeeded in reaching amid a perfect shower of leaden
hail which cut the boughs and twigs above my head in every direction. We
had run upon two Brigades of Confederate cavalry and with in * mile of
their permanent camp. The road runs between two hills all the way we had
no support (that was the [truth] of it) for four miles back. But were obliged
to fight it out alone. They flanked us badly and had us entirely surrounded
all but breaking the column. I did not expect to get out without being
wounded or captured. But the bullets slighted me that time. Billy Egleston[William
R Egleston, Lapeer, Mich, Captain Co B] was wounded in the fight near Rome,
nothing serious however. Carter [Julius M Carter, Ovid, Mich] is doing
well I hear and on his way home. I had one brave sergeant shot dead. I
have some of the coolest and bravest men in any Co I ever saw. I saw many
a rebel bite the dust from their shots, well-aimed. They lost a Col killed
2nd Georgia. We are resting today. The Army will advance in a day or two.
The Trains are running regular to Kingston four miles north of us. We are
about 60 miles from Atlanta. Report says Johnson[CSA General J E Johnston]
will make a stand not far below here. No betting. We will know when we
try them. We have flanked them out of Dalton and Resaca, two very strongly
fortified places, naturally and artificially and we can flank them again
or, if they will fight, we can whip them. They say Johns[t]on is reported
to have said if he got whipped again he would retreat to Atlanta and hoist
the stars and stripes. I have not recd any letters in a long time. Don't
know where they are. You must keep writing. We are encamped in a good place.
Plenty of shade and a beautiful spring of cool water near. Whatever the
rebel have preached and said about holding this country against the whole
Yankee army. I know one thing, the citizens have lost all faith in them
or their army, as is proved by the fine deserted residences, beautiful
gardens or flowers, superb carriages and plated harness left in the flight
from the 'invader.' I tell you Southern Aristocracy is 'played out' after
this war is ended this country will be peopled by a different set of people.
Write to your Brother."
The Letters of Henry Albert Potter, May-August 1864
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