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1791 On his third day in Augusta, Pres. George Washington took a tour of the city and inspected the remains of British fortifications used during the Revolution. He also made a final visit to Richmond Academy, where he met with the faculty and witnessed the examination of students.
While at Richmond Academy, Washington heard a speech given in honor of his visit by student (and future congressman) Augustin Clayton. Washington was so impressed that he awarded Clayton a copy of a work by ancient Roman historian Sallust.
1794 In response to former Revolutionary War general Elijah Clarke's action in trying to create an independent government (sometimes called the Trans-Oconee Republic) on Indian land to the west of the Oconee River, Gov. George Mathews ordered Georgia Militia general Jared Irwin"to direct the settlers immediately to remove."
1820 Planter and former secretary of state Horatio Marbury died in Jefferson County, Georgia. Little is known of Marbury's early life. He came to Georgia in the early 1770s, was active in the Revolutionary War, and became a successful planter after the war. Marbury's public career began in 1796 working in the secretary of state's office. In 1799, the legislature elected Marbury as Georgia's second secretary of state -- a post he would hold for twelve years under six different governors. As secretary of state he and William H. Crawford were primarily responsible for producing Georgia's first official digest of laws. Upon retirement, Marbury returned to his plantation in Jefferson County, where he died in 1820.
1861 In North Carolina, a statewide convention adopted an Ordinance of Secession, becoming the ninth or tenth southern state to secede, depending on which date is used to mark Virginia's secession.
1864 With General Joseph E. Johnston's Confederate forces having retreated across the Etowah River, General William T. Sherman decided to take a short break in order to re supply his army from Chattanooga. Thus began a three-day suspension in the Atlanta Campaign.
For more, see This Week in Georgia Civil War History.
1913 P.A. Flak, a fingerprint expert from New York, visited the Mary Phagan crime scene with prosecutor Hugh Dorsey. Later, Flak took fingerprints from both Newt Lee and Leo Frank. C.W. Toble, the investigator from the Burns Detective Agency, said he was convinced Newt Lee was innocent of the crime. Click here for a detailed accounting of the case.
1916 Earlier in the year, Sam Venable – and heirs of his brother William – gave the United Daughters of the Confederacy a deed to the north face of Stone Mountain for carving a memorial to the Confederacy.
The two Venable brothers had purchased Stone Mountain for $48,000 from the Southern Granite Company in 1887. Sam Venable and heirs of his brother agreed to allow the UDC to undertake a Confederate memorial on the north face, with the stipulation that the carving be completed within 12 years. On May 20, 1916, 5000 people attended dedication ceremonies at the base of the mountain [click here to view a printed copy of the invocation]. Sculptor Gutzon Borglum was hired to oversee the carving.
Borglum had envisioned Gen. Robert E. Lee riding in front of a Confederate regiment above a memorial and reflection pond at the base of the mountain.
It was not until the summer of 1923 that Borglum began actual work on the carving.
Robert E. Lee was the first figure to be sculpted from the mountainside. On Jan. 19, 1924, 20,000 people attended ceremonies for the unveiling of the head of Lee. As work continued on Lee, carving begin on Stonewall Jackson.
By 1925, the project was running out of money, and there were concerns about a number of issues. Borglum was fired over lack of progress, and Augustus Lukeman hired to complete the project. Lukeman came up with a new design in 1928. However, the stock market crash of 1929 caused the project to be suspended. As a result, the deed to the face of Stone Mountain reverted to the Venable family. It would not be until 1952 that the state of Georgia purchased the mountain and surrounding land for a park, and not until 1970 that the carving was dedicated. [Click here to view a web site on the history of the Stone Mountain memorial.]
1965 In the Braves final season in Milwaukee, outfielder Rico Carty hit two doubles in one inning, tying a franchise record held by eight other Braves.
1996 In beating the Chicago Cubs 18-1, the Atlanta Braves established a record for the largest margin of victory since coming to Atlanta three decades earlier.
2008 After repeated battles with cancer, Hamilton Jordan died of the disease in Atlanta at age 63. Jordan was born on Sept. 21, 1944, in Charolette, N.C., where his father was stationed during World War II. After the war, his family returned to their home in Albany. He attended the University of Georgia, graduating in 1967 with a BA in political science. Throughout his youth, Jordan had been interested in politics and in 1966 volunteered to help then state senator Jimmy Carter in his first and unsuccessful run for governor. When Carter ran again in 1970 and won, he picked the 26-year-old Jordan to be his executive secretary.
Jordan served in that capacity for two years but had higher aspirations for his boss. At the time, Georgia governors could only serve a single term, so Jordan developed a plan on show Carter could become the Democratic nominee for president in 1976. Carter followed the plan and chose Jordan to be his Chief of Staff and trusted aide upon taking office in 1977. Jordan ran an unsuccessful campaign for the U.S. Senate in 1986. In addition to politics, Jordan developed a passion for cancer research – a concern motivated by his own battle with cancer. In 2000, he wrote the New York Times Bestseller No Such Thing as a Bad Day as a memoir of his optimism in the face of battles with three separate forms of the disease.
Jordan later became a fellow with the Carl Vinson Institute of Government at the University of Georgia. His last major achievement was planning a 2007 conference, The Carter Presidency: Lessons for the 21st Century, in recognition of the 30th anniversary of the inauguration of Jimmy Carter as the 39th president of the United States.
In Their Own Words on This Day. . .
1738 As he had four days previously, George Whitefield went to visit Tomochichi on this day in 1738. This time, he found someone with whom he could converse – Tomichichi's nephew, Tooanahowi. Because Tooanahowi stood next in line to become Yamacraw mico, Whitefield took the opportunity to preach about drinking and the hereafter:
Source: [no author or editor cited], Our First Visit in America: Early Reports from the Colony of Georgia, 1732-1740 (The Beehive Press, Savannah, 1974), p. 289.
1791 In Augusta, Pres. George Washington made observations in his diary about the growth of the city and the increasing importance of tobacco to the economy. He also noted the long-standing practice of black slaves escaping to freedom in Flordia:
Source: John C. Fitzpatrick (ed.), The Diaries of George Washington: 1748-1799 (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1925), pp. 180-181.
Source: Ed Cashin (ed.), A Wilderness Still The Cradle of Nature: Frontier Georgia (Savannah: Beehive Press, 1994), pp. 138.
1864 From near Cassville in Bartow County, Maj. Fredrick Winkler of the 26th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry wrote to his wife of the status of his unit in Sherman's Atlanta Campaign:
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