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Today, Washington was treated to a dinner at the Richmond Academy building then used as the county courthouse. That evening, a reception was held for him in the same building.
1804 Georgia ratified the 12th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, providing for separate voting for president and vice president.
1864 At Cassville, Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston decided to lay a trap for an advancing Union column. However, generals Hood and Polk strongly opposed the location. Reluctantly, Johnston called off his battle plans – a decision he would regret the rest of his life. That night, his army retreated across the Etowah River with plans to make a stand at Allatoona Pass, which lay 14 miles southeast of Cassville. Click here to see a detailed 1864 map of the area of Georgia between Resaca and Marietta.
For more, see This Week in Georgia Civil War History.
1913 An investigator from the William J. Burns detective agency arrived in Atlanta to assist in the investigation of Mary Phagan's murder. Also, in what had become an almost-daily occurrence, there was a new rumor – that a telephone operator had heard two men discussing their involvement in the murder. Like most of the other rumors, this one turned out to be false. Click here for a detailed accounting of the case.
1933 The Atlanta City Council voted to legalize the sale of beer not containing over 3.2 percent alcohol. Immediately, 49 applications for licenses were submitted and approved, adding $1125 to Atlanta's Depression-depleted coffers by the end of the day. Governor Eugene Talmadge expressed displeasure with the council's decision but said there was nothing he could or would do about it. When the governor's opposition was mentioned by a councilman before the vote, he was loudly booed and jeered in council chambers.
The legalization of 3.2 beer was possible because Congress had passed the Cullen-Harrison Act in late March 1933. The law, which became effective on April 7, amended the Volstead Act to allow the nationwide sale of beer and wine with an alcoholic content of 3.2 percent. Likewise, each state legislature was supposed to pass enabling legislation allowing the sale of 3.2 beer. However, the Georgia General Assembly did not act until 1935, so the city of Atlanta decided to go ahead and legalize the sale of 3.2 beer through city ordinance. The ordinance was adopted May 19, 1933. In anticipation of the ordinance, owners of 49 Atlanta bars and taverns had already purchased federal excise tax stamps, so once they received their city license patrons could celebrate the limited end of Prohibition.
1959 The Atlanta Public Library was integrated when Maynard Jackson became the first African American to receive a library card.
1977 The movie "Smokey and the Bandit" – which was filmed in Georgia – was released.
2007 The Georgia Sports Hall of Fame inducted nine new members: Steve Bartkowski (football), Kevin Brown (baseball), Larry Campbell (coach/manager), Russell Ellington (coach/manager), Betty Jaynes (contributor), Guy McIntyre (football), Don Richardson (coach/manager), Jessie Tuggle (football) and John Tutt (coach/manager).
In Their Own Words on This Day. . .
1737 George Whitfield's journal entry for this date shows his dedication for his Georgia ministry and that he was already thinking about the need for an orphanage in the colony:
Source: Mills Lane (ed.), Our First Visit in America: Early Reports from the Colony of Georgia, 1732-1740 (The Beehive Press, Savannah, 1974), pp. 288-289.
1740 Because of the five- to six-week delay in hearing news from Georgia, the Trustees were not aware that James Oglethorpe had launched his campaign to take St. Augustine. On this day, the Earl of Egmont recorded in his diary Oglethorpe's recent efforts to obtain permission to return to England. He had mortgaged his estate and other personal properties in Surrey in order to pay unfunded expenses in Georgia. Now, apparently, Oglethorpe's creditors were threatening to foreclose:
Source: U.K. Historical Manuscripts Commission, Diary of the First Earl of Egmont (London: His Majesty's Stationery Office, 1923), Vol. III, p. 142.
1791 From Augusta, Pres. George Washington recorded in the diary:
Source: John C. Fitzpatrick (ed.), The Diaries of George Washington: 1748-1799 (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1925), pp. 179.
1862 That war is not always glory is evidenced by the following excerpts from a letter written from a Richmond hospital by Confederate soldier J.C. Nunn to his family back in Georgia:
Source: Mills Lane (ed.), "Dear Mother: Don't grieve about me. If I get killed, I'll only be dead.": Letters from Georgia Soldiers in the Civil War (Savannah: Beehive Press, 1990), pp. 120-121.
For more, see This Week in Georgia Civil War History.
1864 In light of Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's continuing retreats in the face of General William T. Sherman, the Atlanta Intelligencer carried the following commentary on public reactions to the newspaper's effort to paint a positive picture of the Atlanta Campaign:
Source: Source: Franklin Garrett, Atlanta and Environs: A Chronicle of Its people and Events (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1954), Vol. I., p. 589.
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