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As a result of the loss, the Creeks in Aug. 1814 ceded most of their lands in southern Georgia to Georgia in the Treaty of Fort Jackson.
1836 James W. Fannin was born in Morgan County, Georgia, on Jan. 1, 1804. He attended the University of Georgia but withdrew to attend the U.S. Military Academy at West Point (though he did not graduate). He returned to Georgia, where he married and had two children. In 1834, Fannin and his family left for Texas, where he became a planter. After Texas declared its independence from Mexico, Fannin joined the Texas volunteer army. Because of his West Point experience, he was given the rank of captain – and later colonel.
On March 19, 1836, after two days of battle, Fannin and 300 Georgia volunteers were forced to surrender to a Mexican Army three times as large. Fannin negotiated a surrender that would allow the troops in his command to be paroled. However, on March 27, all of the prisoners were marched to Goliad, where on Santa Anna's order, the entire command of Georgia volunteers was massacred. [Click here to read more about the massacre.] This tragedy so inflamed Georgians that a decade later many volunteered to fight with U.S. forces during the Mexican War. To mark the 100th anniversary of the Goliad Massacre, the Texas Historical Commission built the Fannin Memorial Monument in 1936 on the site where Fannin and his men were buried. The monument has the name of each Georgian who died.
1926 Franklin D. Roosevelt arrived in Warm Springs, Georgia, prepared to purchase much of the resort property there. He had visited Warm Springs twice previously, and was convinced a haven for patients paralyzed by polio, or any other accident or disease, could be established there. This was Roosevelt's fourth visit overall to Georgia.
1941 Snake handling is a religious ritual that developed in some Pentecostal churches throughout the South in the early 1900s.
Unfortunately, the practice involved poisonous snakes, particularly rattlesnakes. Frequently, snake handlers were bitten, resulting sometimes in death. During a church service in Adel, Georgia, a six-year-old girl was enouraged to pick up a snake. Unfortunately, the snake bit her, and she died. As a result, legislation was introduced in the Georgia General Assembly to limit the practice.
On March 27, 1941, Gov. Eugene Talmadge signed an act making it a felony for any person – including a minister – to handle or possess a poisonous snake in a manner that would endanger any other person. The act also made it illegal to advise or encourage any other person to handle a poisonous snake in a manner that would endanger the life or safety of such person. The act, however, did not prevent a person from voluntarily handling a poisonous snake so long as no one else was endangered.
1941 Gov. Talmadge signed a concurrent resolution of the Georgia General Assembly [see text] urging Congress to direct the U.S. Postmaster General to issue a stamp commemorating former Georgia congressman and U.S. senator Tom Watson. As one reason for the stamp, the resolution cited Watson as "the author of the first resolution ever passed providing for the free delivery of rural mail . . . ." Watson was a controversial figure, and the Post Office Department never issued the requested stamp. However, in 1996, the Postal Service issued a stamp commemorating the 100th anniversary of the launching of Rural Free Delivery service.
1947 Gov. Melvin Thompson signed a joint resolution of the General Assembly creating the Eugene Talmadge Monument Commission to oversee design and placement of a monument to the former governor on the grounds of the state capitol.
It was Talmadge's death three months earlier that launched the "Three Governors Controversy" that eventually ended with Georgia's Supreme Court ruling then Lt. Gov. Thompson was the lawful successor.
1947 Georgia became a "Right to Work" state when Gov. Melvin Thompson signed legislation prohibiting any employee from have to join or pay dues or fees to any labor organization as a condition of employment.
1947 Gov. Melvin Thompson signed legislation prohibiting two or more people from setting up picket lines or engaging in other activities at or near a place where a labor dispute is underway that block or otherwise attempt to keep workers from their jobs.
1947 Gov. Melvin Thompson signed legislation making it illegal to gamble or bet on any sporting event, or to offer or accept anything of value in an effort to influence the outcome of any sporting event.
1970 After having rejected it on July 24, 1919, the Georgia General Assembly ratified the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which granted women the right to vote.
1970 Gov. Lester Maddox signed Georgia's first legislation designed to protect the state's coastal marshlands. The law prohibited any person from removing, filling, dredging, draining, or otherwise altering any marshland in Georgia without first obtaining a permit from the newly created Coastal Marshlands Protection Agency.
1983 The Georgia Bulldog basketball team defeated top seed and defending national champion North Carolina 82-77 to win the East Regional and advance to the Final Four of the NCAA championship tournament. This marked only the second time in tournament history that a team making its first appearance had advanced to the Final Four.
Georgia towns and cities first incorporated by acts approved by the governor on this day:
1941 Santa Claus (Toombs
In Their Own Words on This Day. . .
1734 While the newly arrived Salzburgers waited in Savannah for work to begin on their settlement at Ebenezer, their principal minister, Johann Martin Boltzius, had an opportunity to see both English and Indian justice at work. Two days earlier, a colonist convicted of inciting others and several other charges received the first 100 of a 300-lash sentence. Now Boltzius recorded in his journal:
Source: George Fenwick Jones (ed.), Detailed Reports on the Salzburger Emigrants Who Settled in America . . . Edited by Samuel Urlsperger: Volume I, 1733-1734 (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1968), p. 67.
1737 The three main reasons for the founding of Georgia – charity, defense, and economics – are generally well known. Also commonly understood is the fact that slavery was not allowed in the new colony. Less recognized was a particular interest South Carolina had in the founding of a new British colony without slaves to its south. Spain had a policy of encouraging South Carolina slaves to escape to freedom in Florida. There, just north of St. Augustine, was a growing contingent of blacks who had joined the Spanish Army, and Carolinians feared it was only a matter of time until these former slaves marched north to lead a slave rebellion. Thus, a Georgia without blacks would make it harder for Carolina slaves to escape south and would help protect South Carolina from a Spanish invasion and from a slave revolt inspired from Florida. Documenting this concern was a letter from Andrew Rutledge of South Carolina read to the Trustees and recorded in the journal of the Earl of Egmont on Mar. 27, 1737 as follows:
Source: Robert G. McPherson, The Journal of The Earl of Egmont: Abstract of the Trustees Proceedings for Establishing the Colony of Georgia, 1732-1738 (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1962), pp. 249-50.
1864 From Franklin Depot, Va., Sgt.-Major William J. Mosely of Co. D in the 10th Georgia Battalion wrote home of thing other than war. Based on what he had observed, Virginia's young women could not compare with those of Georgia:
Source: Spencer B. King, Jr., Georgia Voices: A Documentary History to 1872 (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1974 reprint of 1966 original volume), p. 288.
For more, see This Week in Georgia Civil War History.
1865 While visiting an older sister near Albany, 24-year-old Eliza Frances Andrews recorded in her journal what travel was like after heavy rains:
Source: Eliza Frances Andrews, The War-Time Journal of a Georgia Girl: 1864-1865 (New York: D. Appleton and Co., 1908), p. 122.
For more, see This Week in Georgia Civil War History.
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