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1898 Former Confederate general Edward Lloyd Thomas died in South McAlester, Oklahoma.
Born March 23, 1825, in Clarke County, Ga., he served in the Mexican War, returning to Georgia to become a planter. After Georgia's secession, Thomas recruited the 35th Georgia Voluntary Infantry. In the fall of 1861, he was promoted to colonel and served at the Battles of Seven Pines, Seven Days, and Mechanicsville. Thomas commanded Anderson's Brigade in Hill's Light Division at Cedar Mountain, Second Manassas, and Sharpsburg. In Nov. 1862, he was promoted to brigadier general. Thomas commanded the 3rd Brigade in Hill's Division at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, followed by the 3rd Brigade in Pender's Division at Gettysburg, Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, and Appomattox. After the war, Thomas again became a planter before taking federal positions in the Land Department and the Indian Bureau.
1937 Gov. E.D. Rivers signed an act of the General Assembly creating the State Planning Board – Georgia's first state agency with responsibility for planning for the physical, social, and economic development of Georgia.
1945 Gov. Ellis Arnall signed legislation creating the State Department of Veterans Service. The new agency's purpose was to assist returning veterans with a variety of educational, medical, employment, housing, financial, and other services. One of the first things the new agency did was to publish a booklet for returning veterans outlining the variety of services available to them.
The agency also created regional DVS offices around the state to assist the tens of thousands of returning veterans.
1945 The General Assembly adopted a joint resolution calling on the governor and other state official to press for the federal government to cede the land comprising Camp Stewart to the original owners.
The resolution further protested any effort to have the military reservation declared waste land, sold for commercial purposes, or converted to other uses – such as a federal or state park, game preserve, or forest preserve. Camp Stewart was principally located in Liberty and Bryan counties, but also extended into Long, Tattnall, and Evans counties.
1946 An international monetary conference convened at the General Oglethorpe Hotel on Wilmington Island near Savannah and continued through March 22.
Attended by delegates from around the world, the purpose of the assembly was to create an International Monetary Fund and an International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (more commonly known as the World Bank). The inaugural meeting of the Board of Governors of the IMF and IBRD was held, and Washington, D.C. was chosen as the permanent home for the two new institutions.
1949 WAGA-TV, now part of FOX Television Network, began broadcasting on channel 5 as Atlanta's CBS affiliate.
1963 Noted Georgia educator Cosby Smith Hubbard died in Atlanta, Georgia.
Born in Calhoun on Dec. 24, 1889, he was raised in the mountains of north Georgia, where he early saw the need for improved educational conditions. Hubbard taught in local schools for over twenty years before serving in the Georgia House of Representatives (1931-32) and in the Georgia Senate (1933-34). His focus in the legislature was on education, and while serving on the legislative committee of the Georgia Education Association, he prepared three important bills for consideration: one to provide a seven-month school term, one to institute a lay board of education, and one to provide free textbooks for all students. These bills were passed into law, and in 1937 Hubbard was appointed director of the textbook and library programs of the Georgia Department of Education to help implement the new laws. Hubbard's plan for providing multiple lists of textbooks and efficiency in distributing them earned praise as the "Georgia Plan" from the U.S. Department of Education. Most southeastern states adopted the "Georgia Plan" for their own textbook distribution programs.
Hubbard went on to assist in the development of rural public libraries, procuring needed funding and helping them provide better service. Hubbard was appointed assistant superintendent of schools in 1958, a position he maintained until his retirement in 1962.
In Their Own Words on This Day. . .
1797 White encroachment on Indian lands was a continuing problem faced by U.S. Indian agent Benjamin Hawkins. On this day, he wrote to an assistant working with the Creek Indians on the U.S. attempts to draw boundaries that could be enforced:
Source: Collections of the Georgia Historical Society, Vol. IX, Letters of Benjamin Hawkins, 1796-1806 (Savannah, Georgia Historical Society, 1916), pp. 98-99.
Source: Thurman Wilkins, Cherokee Tragedy: The Story of the Ridge Family and of the Decimation of a People (New York: MacMillan Co., 1970), p. 129.
1839 On his St. Simons Island plantation, Pierce Butler provided a crude medical facility for treatment of his slave. His wife, Fanny Kemble Butler, visited the facility and was shocked by what she saw, as noted in her journal:
Source: John A. Scott (ed.), Journal of a Residence on a Georgian Plantation in 1838-1839 by Frances Anne Kemble (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1984), pp. 255-256.
1865 Twenty-four-year-old Eliza Frances Andrews was staying with her oldest sister, who lived near Albany, Ga. On March 7, she had traveled to Americus to see her cousin, who was a doctor, about her eyes. Invited to spend the night, Eliza wrote in her journal of a rare war-time luxury she enjoyed that night:
Source: Eliza Frances Andrews, The War-Time Journal of a Georgia Girl, 1864-1865 (New York: D. Appleton and Co., 1908), pp. 110-112.
1933 Three years into the Great Depression, America's banking system appeared on the verge of collapse and depositors hurried to withdraw their funds. Two days earlier, Pres. Franklin Roosevelt had declared a national four-day banking holiday. In Atlanta, major banks prepared to issue script instead of currency to their customers. Reacting to the crisis, the Atlanta Constitution carried an editorial ray of hope on today's newspaper:
Source: Franklin M. Garrett, Atlanta and Environs: A Chronicle of Its People and Events (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1969 reprint of original 1954 edition), Vol. II, p. 904.
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