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1733 The Trustees ordered the printing of 600 copies of Benjamin Martyn's "Some Account of the Designs of the Trustees for Establishing the Colony of Georgia in America." Martyn was the Trustees' secretary, and his treatise compared the creation of Georgia to the noble objectives of ancient Roman colonization.
1827 Lawyer and Confederate general Henry DeLamar Clayton was born in Pulaski County, Georgia. He practiced law until March 1861, when he became a colonel in the 1st Alabama. Clayton subsequently recruited the 39th Alabama and served as its commander during the Kentucky campaign and the Battle of Murfreesboro. In April 1863, he was promoted to brigadier general, serving at the battles of Chickamauga and Missionary Ridge and during the Sherman's Atlanta Campaign. In July 1864, Clayton was promoted to major general. Thereafter, he commanded A.P. Stewart's Division at Jonesboro, Franklin, and during the Nashville and Carolinas campaign. After the war, Clayton practiced law, was elected to the post of circuit judge, and served as president of the University of Alabama from 1886 until his death on Oct. 13, 1889. He was buried in Eufala, Ala.
1861 Delegates to Georgia's secession convention reconvened in Savannah. Over the next 16 days, the convention would adopt a new state constitution, authorize the governor to take emergency actions to defend the state, and turn over control of military matters to the new Confederate government. For more information, see This Week in Georgia Civil War History.
1866 Gov. Charles Jones Jenkins signed a joint resolution of the General Assembly creating a joint House-Senate committee to report to the next session of the legislature on a common school system for the state. The resolution also designated the State Librarian as State School Commissioner until the next election of state officials, at which time the office would become elective.
1951 Former Atlanta Braves outfielder Jeff Burroughs was born in Long Beach, California.
1951 Georgian-born Ezzard Charles won a 15-round decision against Jersey Joe Walcott in a bout in Detroit to retain the world heavyweight championship.
1979 Ray Charles performed "Georgia on my Mind" in the chamber of the Georgia House of Representatives for a joint session of the General Assembly in recognition of a measure then under consideration to designate the work as Georgia's official state song.
The joint resolution passed both houses, and on April 24, 1979, Gov. George Busbee signed H.R. 146-516 designating "Georgia on My Mind" as Georgia's official state song.
1982 In an interview with the Nashville Tennessean, Alonzo Mann asserted that Leo Frank was innocent in the murder of Mary Phagan in 1913. At the time Mann was a fourteen-year-old employee of Frank's (as was Phagan). Mann said he returned to the factory the day of the murder after failing to find his mother at a parade. When he entered the factory he saw Jim Conley, custodian of the factory, carrying the limp body of Mary Phagan. According to Mann, Conley threatened to kill him if he ever told anyone.
Mann said Frank was nowhere in sight and that he was certain Frank was not involved in the murder. Rather, Mann testified that Conley (who was the prosecution's chief witness at the trial) was Phagan's true killer. In conjunction with his story, Mann passed two lie detector tests and a psychological voice stress test. For more information see the GeorgiaInfo web site detailing the Leo Frank case.
In Their Own Words on This Day. . .
1733 Two months after the arrival of the first English settlers at Yamacraw Bluff, colonist Peter Gordon recorded the elaborate ritual followed by a party of Indian chiefs and warriors who were meeting with James Oglethorpe:
Source: [no author or editor cited], Our First Visit in America: Early Reports from the Colony of Georgia, 1732-1740 (Savannah: Beehive Press, 1974), pp. 19-20.
1863 Atlanta merchant Samuel P. Richards commented in his diary on inflated prices during the Civil War:
Source: Franklin M. Garrett, Atlanta and Environs: A Chronicle of Its People and Events (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1969 reprint of 1954 original volume), Vol. I, p. 557.
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