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1751 The first general muster of Georgia's colonial militia was held in Savannah.
1775 Three hundred or more Georgia patriots assembled in Savannah and erected a Liberty Tree and a flag in defiance of royal governor James Wright.
1786 Winfield Scott was born in Petersburg, Virginia. In 1838, as a U.S. Army general, Scott would later be responsible for rounding up the last 15,000 Cherokee Indians in Georgia for the "Trail of Tears" – a responsibility he was not enthusiastic about but still performed to the best of his ability.
Scott served in the U.S. Army almost fifty years – from the War of 1812 through the Civil War. In 1852, he ran as the Whig candidate for U.S. President, losing to Democrat Franklin Pierce. Scott died May 29, 1866, and was buried at West Point (although he never attended the military school).
1913 After a brief hearing Judge L.S. Roan released Jim Conley from custody. He was immediately re-arrested as a material witness to the Mary Phagan murder case and would be kept at Atlanta police headquarters, where detectives and solicitor Hugh Dorsey wanted him – so they could easily interview him whenever needed. Click here for a detailed accounting of the case.
1963 Former University of Georgia student and journalism graduate; Commerce, Georgia radio disc jockey; songwriter; and recording and performing artist James Anderson II struck it big when his song "Still" hit the top of the Country and Western charts. James Anderson is better known by his stage name, Bill Anderson.
1974 The U.S. Postal Service released a commemorative stamp featuring amethyst – the purple variety of crystallized quartz, Georgia's state gem. Click here to read the text of the 1976 resolution of the General Assembly designating amethyst as the state gem.
1979 Former Athens-area resident Kenny Rogers made it to the top of the popular record charts with "She Believes in Me."
1987 The U.S. Postal Service released a sheet of 50 stamps commemorating American wildlife. Among the animals featured were the tiger swallowtail (Georgia's state butterfly) and the bobwhite quail (Georgia's state game bird). Click here to read the text of the 1988 act of the General Assembly declaring the tiger swallowtail as Georgia's official butterfly, and click here for the text of the 1970 resolution declaring the bobwhite quail the state game bird.
1999 In an inter-league game with the Baltimore Orioles played in Atlanta, the Braves lost 22-1. The 21-run loss margin was the worst in Atlanta history, surpassing by two the previous record – a 19-0 loss to Montreal. In the game, Baltimore's Cal Ripkin got six hits (a Oriole record for one game), and Brave pitchers gave up runs in every inning but two.
In Their Own Words on This Day. . .
1737 Thomas Causton's journal entry for this day vividly illustrates the lack of adequate medical care in early colonial Georgia:
Source: [no author or editor cited], Our First Visit in America: Early Reports from the Colony of Georgia, 1732-1740 (The Beehive Press, Savannah, 1974), p. 253.
Source: Mills Lane (ed.), General Oglethorpe's Georgia: Colonial Letters, 1733-1743 (Savannah: Beehive Press, 1990), p. 405.
Source: Collections of the Georgia Historical Society, Vol. VI, The Letters of the Hon. James Habersham, 1756-1775 (Savannah, The Georgia Historical Society, 1904), pp. 184-185.
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