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1742 Spanish forces quickly began the process of withdrawing from St. Simons Island. James Oglethorpe recorded that the Spaniards "embarked with such precipitation that they left behind them cannon &c. and those dead of their wounds unburied."
1787 Doctor, politician, banker, and education proponent Tomlinson Fort was born in Warrenton, Georgia. In 1809, he received one term of medical training at the University of Pennsylvania and returned to Georgia to practice medicine for over four decades. He was instrumental in the formation of the Medical College of Georgia.and the state lunatic asylum. He served on the boards of trustees of the University of Georgia and Oglethorpe University.
Fort also served in the Georgia House of Representatives (1819-1825) and in Congress (1827-29). He was president of the Central Bank of Georgia for almost a decade, during which time he helped finance construction of the Western and Atlantic Railroad. Fort died on May 11, 1859, and was buried in Memory Hill Cemetery in Milledgeville.
1864 Assuming Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston would continue his strategy in trying to defend Atlanta, Gen. William T. Sherman issued Special Field Order No. 35 outlining his strategy to taking Atlanta.
Four days later, Sherman would find the Confederates had a new commander – and a new strategy.
For more, see This Week in Georgia Civil War History.
1865 The Atlanta City Council passed an ordinance making blacks subject to the same city ordinances and punishments as whites.
1930 Following his winning
the "grand slam of golf" – the U.S. Amateur, U.S. Open, British Amateur,
and British Open – Bobby Jones returned to Atlanta for one of the largest
parades in the city's history to that point in time.
1932 New York Giants football legend and subsequent actor Roosevelt (Rosie) Greer was born in Cuthbert, Georgia.
1976 Jimmy Carter won the presidential nomination of the Democratic Party at its national convention in New York City.
In Their Own Words on This Day. . .
1737 Savannah bailiff Thomas Causton had a variety of disputes that he was called on to resolve, as he recorded one example in his journal for this day:
Source: [no author or editor cited], Our First Visit in America: Early Reports from the Colony of Georgia, 1732-1740 (Savannah: Beehive Press, 1974), pp. 270-271.
Source: George Fenwick Jones and Don Savelle (ed. and trans.), Detailed Reports on the Salzburger Emigrants Who Settled in America . . . Edited by Samuel Urlsperger (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1983), Vol. VII, pp. 190-191.
1864 Two weeks after Gen. Joseph E. Johnston had urged Confederate Sen. Benjamin Hill of Georgia to personally intervene to convince Pres. Jefferson Davis to divert other Confederate forces to attack Sherman from the rear, Hill sent Johnston a telegram with a pessimistic response:
Also on this day, from north of Atlanta, Gen. John B. Hood wrote Gen. Braxton Bragg – Jefferson Davis' chief of staff – a letter that raised serious allegations against Hood's commander, Gen. Joseph E. Johnston:
Source: U.S. War Department, The War of the Rebellion:
A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies
(Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1880-1901), Vol. 38, Part
5, pp. 879-880.
1901 Magnolia Wynn Le Guin had borne a child almost
six weeks earlier, but in her diary entry for today we see that she had
not yet named him, and of a special occurrence for two of her older sons:
"Baby grows and doesn't cry much now,
if we nurse it a great deal – spoilt – he sleeps more, but is not a baby
to sleep soundly yet. He can coo sometimes a little!"
"Travys and Fred went with 'Papa Ghu'
to Mr. Wilkins yesterday P.M. to eat watermelons. 'Twas a rare treat to
Source: Charles A. Le Guin (ed.), A Home-Concealed Woman:
The Diaries of Magnolia Wynn Le Guin, 1901-1913, (Athens, University of
Georgia Press, 1990), p. 42.
1930 In recognition of Bobby Jones triumphant return to Atlanta on this day after winning the "grand slam" of golf, famed humorist Will Rogers wrote the editor of the Atlanta Journal from his home in Santa Monica, Calif.:
Source: Franklin M. Garrett, Atlanta and Environs: A Chronicle of Its People and Events (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1969 reprint of 1954 original volume), Vol. II, pp. 881-882.
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