TDGH - July 3
This Day in Georgia
- Ed Jackson and Charles Pou
- The University of Georgia
1714 At age 17 1/2, James Edward
Oglethorpe entered Corpus Christi College at Oxford University.
1734 The delegation
of Yamacraw Indians that had accompanied James Oglethorpe to England
appeared at the Georgia Office for a special meeting with the
Georgia Trustees – a meeting that artist William Verelst captured
in a famous
painting that would become an icon of Georgia history. For more on the painting, click here.
of the Georgia General Assembly assembled at the Georgia state
capitol (located at the corner of Marietta and Forsyth streets
and built as the Kimball
Opera House) for the last time. The opera house had served
as state capitol since January 1869, but need for a larger facility
led the legislature to authorize a new statehouse in the early
1880s. Construction of the new capitol began in 1885 on the site
of the former Atlanta
City Hall/Fulton County Court House. Now, the day before the
new capitol's formal dedication, lawmakers marched as a group
from the Kimball Opera House to inspect Georgia's new capitol
(which continues in use today).
1913 The attorney
for Newt Lee, the night watchman at the National Pencil Factory
who discovered Mary Phagan's body, announced he was instituting
habeas corpus proceedings attempting to get Lee released from
prison. He had been held since the day after the April 27 murder. Click here for a detailed accounting of the case.
1913 The Georgia
Senate indefinitely tabled a motion to allow representatives of
the Georgia Woman's Suffrage Association to address that body.
1918 Ernest Vandiver, Jr. was born in Canon (Franklin County),
Georgia. He would obtain a law degree from the University of Georgia,
serve as a Army Air Corps pilot in World War II, practice law
after the war, manage Herman Talmadge's gubernatorial campaign
in 1948, and serve as lieutenant governor (1955-1959) and governor
of Georgia (1959-1963).
Braves slugger Hank
Aaron hit his 199th and 200th home run in a game against the
St. Louis Cardinals.
Braves pitcher Tony Cloninger hit 2 grand slam home runs and drove
in 9 runs in a single game against the Giants. That same year,
Cloninger was the first Braves pitcher to start a game – the
season opener – after the Braves moved to Atlanta from Milwaukee.
In that game, Cloninger pitched for 12 innings in a 3-2 loss to
1970 Some 200,000
fans attended the opening day of the Atlanta International Pop Festival in Bryon, Georgia. Organized by promoter Alex Cooley as a southern successor to Woodstock, up to 500,000 people attended the three-day festival.
the San Diego Padres, Atlanta Brave Mike Lum hit three consecutive
home runs to become the 11th player in club history to accomplish
the feat in a single game.
In Their Own Words on This Day. . .
1734 In his diary,
the Earl of Egmont recorded his impression of the delegation of
Yamacraw Indians who had accompanied James Oglethorpe to England
on their meeting with the Trustees:
"Went with my wife to town, and attended
the Georgia Board. I saluted the nine Indians who came over with
Mr. Oglethorp [sic] and who are lodged in the garrets of our
Office. They are:
"1. Toma-Chiky [sic], the Chief of the
Yamamcraws [sic], a small nation seated near Savannah town, but
who intend to remove three or four miles further upon lands reserved
to themselves whey they resigned the country to us where we now
are settled. This they did by a fair and formal Treaty last year,
some account of which appeared in the newspapers, but will be
more fully published in the book we are preparing. He is a very
old man but of good natural sense, and well behaved.
"2. His wife, an old ugly creature, who
dresses their meat.
"3. His grant nephew who will succeed
him when he dies, as chief of the nation, a handsome brisk boy
of fifteen years old. The uncle designs he shall learn the English
tongue, to write and read and be a Christian.
"4. The Man of War, who is the next person
in power, and carries the youth out to fight, while the Chief
or Beloved Man as they call him, Toma Chiky, stays at home to
preserve the people in order. The other five are attendants.
They are all brisk and well trimmed people, and would make a
good appearance in our habits, but they dress themselves fantastically,
will not put on breeches, and wear the shirts we gave them over
their covering, which is only a skin that leaves their breast
and thighs and arms open, but they wear shoes of their own making
that seem neat and easy.
"I took the chair of Trustees, it being
my turn, and the Board consisted of Egmont, Carpenter, George
Heathcot, Vernon, Alderman Kendal, La Pautre, Hales, Hucks, Ayres,
Smith [and Oglethorpe].
"When we were set Tomachiki advanced
to the lower end of the table, the rest of the Indians present,
and made us a formal speech, which at proper periods the Interpreter
[John Musgrove] explained. He began by excusing himself if he
did not speak well and to right purpose, seeing when he was young
he neglected the advice of the wise men (so they call their old
men), and therefore was ignorant. That he was now old and could
not live long, and therefore was desirous to see his nation settled
before he died. That the English were good men and he desired
to live with them as good neighbours, wherefore he resolved to
come over and talk with us, but he would not have done it, but
for the sake of Mr. Oglethorp, whom he could trust and had used
them kindly. That he thanked God (at which he pointed and looked
up) that he brought him safe thither and he hoped would carry
him safe back.
"I answered him paragraph by paragraph,
and concluded we all had the same God and fear him. That we lived
under a good and gracious King, who does justice to all his subjects
and will do so by his friends and allies, as we would on our
parts; that we will look upon their children to be ours, and
our [sic] their's, and shall be read to hear propositions they
will make when they think proper. After this we all rose and
took each of them by the hand, which I saw delighted them, and
the we called for wine and tobacco to entertain them.
"The nation is not above fifty fighting
men, but they are a branch of the Crick [sic] Indians, who make
above 600. They have lately been much educed by the small pox.
they are in alliance with eight other nations something like
the Swiss Cantons, each governing themselves after their own
manner. They are in their nature revengeful, but not apt to be
the aggressor, and the reason why they take their own revenge
is that they have no laws to punish by the magistrates' hand.
Were we without such laws we should be as revengeful. Adultery
they punish in the wife by cutting off her ears and hear, and
in the man by cutting his throat. They live by hunting when the
season is proper, and sow corn for other parts of the season.
They are so charitable a temper that they cannot bear to see
a man want and not give him what he asks for."
Source: Historical Manuscripts Commission [U.K.],
Manuscripts of the Earl of Egmont. Diary of the First Earl
of Egmont (Viscount Percival) (London: H.M. Stationery Office,
1923), Vol. II, p. 113.
believed an attack from the Spanish stationed in Florida was imminent.
As colonists at Frederica prepared to defend themselves, William
Stephens recorded in his journal questions about the bravery of
some of the men:
"July 3. Saturday. Still waiting with
earnest expectation, to hear what posture affairs stood in with
the Genl. (Oglethorpe), but the strict Guard that was kept there
by his Excellence to prevent any person escaping with Intelligence,
would not yet allow it, which I thought a good Example to us
in doing the like, whatever a few of our Guardians of Liberty
(as they would be thought) might preach to the contrary; and
I could not easily be perswaded [sic] from believing, that such
as were sending off their Wives, would be ready to follow them,
if they could when any danger approached. . . ."
Source: E. Merton Coulter ed., The Journal
of William Stephens, 1741-1743 (Athens: University of Georgia
Press, 1958), p. 104.
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