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1776 Delegates at the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia took the first vote on the Declaration of Independence.
1873 Georgian Henry Flipper became one of the first blacks to enter West Point Military Academy, going on to become the first black to graduate.
1893 Walter F. White was born in Atlanta, Georgia. He becomes an important voice for American blacks, particularly noted for his long efforts to marshal public opinion and government policy against lynching in the South. He also serves as executive secretary of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People from 1931 to 1955.
1899 Thomas A. Dorsey was born in Villa Rica, Georgia. This songwriter, singer, and pianist arranges up-tempo blues versions of many gospel hymns leading many to call him the "Father of Gospel Music."
1956 A new state flag earlier authorized at the 1956 session of the General Assembly became effective. This flag would serve as the official state flag until a new flag was adopted in 2001. Click here for more information.
1971 The National Park Service opened Andersonville National Historic Site, which encompasses Andersonville National Cemetery, the site of Andersonville Prison Cemetery, and the National Prisoner of War Museum.
1976 The Georgia Agrirama opened in Tifton as the state's official agricultural museum.
1983 Georgia's present state constitution became effective.
1985 Young Harris College graduate Ronnie Milsap reached the top of the country-and-western charts today with "She Keeps the Home Fires Burning."
1997 Georgia's graduated driving license law went into effect. Previously, Georgia minors could obtain a driver's permit at age 15 and an unrestricted driving license at age 16. There were no curfews on driving by minors, nor were there limits on how many minors could be in a car driven by a minor.
1997 The board of directors of the Atlanta Committee for the Olympic Games (ACOG) was terminated . ACOG's chief financial officer and a deputy continued in office to pay outstanding bills and any legal settlements, but for the most part, ACOG operations ended after seven years.
1997 Georgia's Department of Children and Youth Services had a new name and mission by virtue of legislation that became effective on this day. The 1997 General Assembly decided to change the agency's name to Department of Juvenile Justice, in part to signal a new and tougher approach to dealing with juvenile offenders.
1998 The name of DeKalb College changed to Georgia Perimeter College.
1999 Georgia's new Department
of Community Health became effective, replacing the former Department of
Medical Assistance and several other state health-related agencies. The new
agency was created to coordinate health policy in Georgia and promote economy
and efficiency in health care services. Among programs it was created to
administer were responsibility for Medicaid benefits to over 1 million low-income
Georgians, health insurance for state employees, licensing of physicians,
and promotion of women's health.
2005 A statewide ban on smoking in all public buildings went into effect.
In Their Own Words on This Day. . .
Source: Mills Lane (ed.), General Oglethorpe's Georgia: Colonial Letters, 1733-1743 (Savannah: Beehive Press, 1990), Vol. II, pp. 462-463.
1776 While the reasons for their imprisonment are not given, two prominent Georgia citizens were ordered to be held in custody by the Georgia Council of Safety:
Telfair went on to become a zealous patriot and Georgia governor; Dr. Zubly remained a loyalist and his properties were confiscated.
Source: Collections of the Georgia Historical Society (Savannah: Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution,1901), Vol. V, Part I, p. 68.
1838 Daniel Buttrick, a missionary to the Cherokee Indians at the time of their forced removal, recorded in his diary on this day:
Source: Mills Lane (ed.), Georgia: History written by Those who lived It (Savannah: Beehive Press, 1995), pp. 84-85.
1864 In a letter to his wife, Maj. Fredrick Winkler of the 26th Wisconsin Infantry wrote about the status of Sherman's Atlanta Campaign:
For more, see This Week in Georgia Civil War History.
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