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1837 Lawyer and Confederate general James Phillip Simms was born in Covington, Ga. A lawyer before the Civil War, he served as a major in the 53rd Georgia in 1862. As a colonel, he was at the battles of Fredericksburg, Salem Church, Gettysburg, Chattanooga, Knoxville, Wilderness, and Spotsylvania. He commanded Bryan's brigade in the Shenandoah Valley campaign and Cedar Creek. In December 1864, he was promoted to brigadier general and commanded Simms' Brigade in Kershaw's Division at Petersburg and Sayler's Creek. After the war, he resumed the practice of law. He died May 30, 1887 in Covington.
1861 Georgia's secession convention assembled at the state capitol in Milledgeville.
1865 From Savannah, Gen. William T. Sherman issued Special Field Order No. 15 that stated in part:
"The islands from Charleston south, the abandoned rice-fields along the rivers for thirty miles back from the sea, and the country bordering the Saint John's River, Fla., are reserved and set apart for the settlement of the negroes now made free by the acts of war and the proclamation of the President of the United States."
1871 Jefferson Franklin Long of Macon was sworn in as Georgia's first black congressman.
1920 Georgia went dry as the 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution -- mandating national prohibition -- went into effect.
1931 The U.S. Post Office Department issued a 2-cent commemorative stamp in honor of 150th anniversary of the death of Polish count and Revolutionary War hero Casimir Pulaski, who was killed during the siege of Savannah in 1778. First day of issues ceremonies were held in Savannah, as well as 11 large American cities with large Polish populations.
1957 Little Richard recorded "Lucille".
1961 Their suspension lifted, Charlayne Hunter and Hamilton Holmes returned to Athens and attended classes at the University of Georgia. Various incidents continued, but there was no more violence or riots. They would continue their education, she obtaining a degree in journalism and he a degree in liberal arts.
1997 A bombing of an abortion clinic in Sandy Springs
was followed by a second detonation after authorities arrived. Seven people
were injured in the explosions. Though it was unknown at the time, the bombings
were committed by Eric Rudolph, the same man responsible for the Centennial
Olympic Park bombing the previous year.
2005 The Atlanta Falcons soundly
defeated the St. Louis Rams to advance to the National Football Conference
In Their Own Words on This Day. . .
1738 While sailing to Georgia, Anglican minister George Whitefield witnessed, and tried to alleviate, an example of brutal discipline inflicted upon British soldiers on board:
Source: [no author or editor cited], Our First Visit in America: Early Reports from the Colony of Georgia, 1732-1740 (Savannah: Beehive Press, 1974), pp. 281-282.
1739 From Fort Frederica, James Oglethorpe wrote the other Trustees in London about the Malcontents' continuing plea to allow slavery in the colony of Georgia. Oglethorpe had philosophical beliefs against slavery, but his letter stressed practical reasons in opposing slavery:
Source: Mills Lane (ed.), General Oglethorpe's Georgia: Colonial Letters, 1733-1743 (Savannah: Beehive Press, 1990), Vol. II, p. 388.
1862 From Savannah, J.H. Graham wrote to his wife in Coweta County about camp life early in the Civil War:
Source: Mills Lane (ed.), "Dear Mother: Don't grieve about me. If I get killed, I'll only be dead.": Letters from Georgia Soldiers in the Civil War (Savannah: Beehive Press, 1990), pp. 93-95.
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