|Welcome to GeorgiaInfo | What's New | This Day in Georgia History | Instructional Handout Masters | Credits | Photos & Images | Georgia Trivia ||
1751 Following popular elections called by Georgia's Trustees, a Provincial Assembly convened in Savannah.
The assembly was an advisory -- rather than governmental -- body. For instance, it could not pass laws or appropriate money. Rather it was a forum for determining how Georgia colonists felt and for making recommendations to the Trustees on policies and laws for Georgia. Still, it was the first form of representative government for the colony.
1796 Jared Irwin was inaugurated as governor of Georgia for the first of two terms.
1821 Military officer Lafayette McLaws was born in Augusta, Ga. Attending West Point, he graduated as a second lieutenant in the U.S. Army in 1842, subsequently fighting in the Mexican War. Following Georgia's secession, McLaws resigned from the Army in March 1861. He then helped organize the 10th Georgia, serving as a colonel in June 1861. The following September, he was promoted to brigadier general, serving under Magruder in the Peninsula campaign. In May 1862, McLaws was promoted to major general and commanded McLaws' Division under Longstreet in the battles of Seven Days, Second Manassas, Sharpsburg, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, and Knoxville.
In Dec. 1863, Longstreet relieved McLaws of command on the grounds that the Georgian exhibited "a want of confidence and plans." Pres. Jefferson Davis subsequently restored McLaws to command and transferred him to Georgia to prepare for the defense of Savannah. His final duty was under Joseph E. Johnston in the Carolinas. After the war, McLaws was an insurance agent, internal revenue collector, and postmaster. He died July 24, 1897, in Savannah, Ga. and was buried in Laurel Grove Cemetery.
In 1902, a monument with a bronze bust of Gen. McLaws was erected in Savannah's Chippewa Square, along with an identical monument with the bust of Col Francis Bartow. The two monuments were located on opposite sides of the fountain in the center of the square.
In 1910, city officials decided to use Chippewa Square as the site for a new monument honoring Georgia founder James Edward Oglethorpe (click here to view). Because of the Oglethorpe monument's size, they located it at the site of the fountain in the center of the square. To make room for the new monument, the monuments of McLaws and Bartow were relocated several blocks away to Forsyth Park, where they were placed on opposite sides of the tall Confederate monument.
Created from portions of Macon, Marion, and Talbot counties, the new county was named in honor of Pres. Zachary Taylor, who died in office in 1850.
1893 Author and actress Fanny Kemble died in London.
See Nov. 27 entry for biographical information on Kemble.
1929 Civil-rights leader and clergyman Martin Luther King, Jr. was born in Atlanta, Georgia. He attended Atlanta's public schools before entering Morehouse College at age fifteen. Upon graduation from Morehouse, King decided to follow his father into the ministry, studying at Crozier Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania before earning his doctorate at Boston University. While in Boston King met and married Coretta Scott. In 1954 he began his ministerial work at the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama The following year he was thrust into national prominence as he helped organize and became an important spokesperson for the Montgomery bus boycott. Here his famous rhetoric and philosophy of non-violence were put to the test; attributes which he carried with him throughout his life despite sometime bitter and often violent resistance.
King helped found the Southern Christain Leadership Conference in 1957, and served as its president for the next eleven years. He traveled throughout the South preaching the philosophy of non-violent resistance and offering assistance and advice to desegregation efforts. In 1959 King visited India, homeland of Mahatma Ghandi, whose ideas of non-violence were very formative to King's own. The following year King returned home to Atlanta as associate pastor at his father's Ebenezer Baptist Church. In this role, the younger King was free to devote most of his time and efforts to the SCLC and the civil rights movement. That same year "sit-ins" had begun in Greensboro, N.C., and the SCLC financed a conference on the sit-ins. Out of this grew the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. King returned to Atlanta to lead sit-ins at Rich's department store, for which he was arrested. Later he and the SCLC targeted Albany, Ga. for desegregation efforts and attempts to increase black voter registration. Little success was won in Albany, but King learned valuable lessons for his next target.That target was Birmingham, Ala. Here the disciplined, nonviolent reaction of protestors to organized police brutality received national acclaim.
During this time, King penned his famous "Letter from a Birmingham Jail." By 1963, King was a national figure. He addressed large crowds in Los Angeles, Chicago, and Detroit -- but the highlight of the year was the march on Washington by 250,000 protestors. Here, at one end of the reflection pond, King delivered his immortal "I Have a Dream" speech.
In 1965, King led the march from Selma to Montgomery, Ala., which helped secure passage of the Voting Rights Act. King continued his efforts at desegregation and began to spread his ideas of nonviolent resistance to areas outside the South over the next few years. Plans were nearing completion for a Poor People's March on Washington in 1968 when King turned aside to visit Memphis in support of striking black sanitation workers. Here, King stayed in the Lorraine Motel. On April 4, while King was relaxing on the balcony outside his motel room, a shot rang out from the distance striking down the 39-year-old civil rights leader.
The school formerly was located in New Jersey, but the Navy had decided to move it to a new location. Thanks to the efforts of Georgia Senator Richard B. Russell and Congressman Carl Vinson, the Navy chose Athens. The school would stay in existence until 2010, when it graduated it's final class in Athens, before moving to Rhode Island.
1963 Attorney and former state representative Carl Sanders was inaugurated as governor of Georgia.
In Their Own Words on This Day. . .
1766 As a result of the French and Indian War, Britain incurred large expenditures defending the American colonies. In an effort to recover some of these costs, Parliament in 1765 passed the Stamp Act -- the first direct tax on American colonists. The law required all legal documents, newspapers, advertisements, and many other printed items used in the American colonies to bear a British revenue stamp showing that a tax had been paid. Moreover, before printing documents, colonists had to use blank paper already bearing a revenue stamp showing that the required tax had been paid -- and this was only available from local British officials. Opposition to the Stamp Act in the colonies was immediate and angry, though initially it was less vocal than in the other colonies. In fact, there appears to have been limited use of stamped paper relative to the port at Savannah -- which would make Georgia the only American colony where the Stamp Act was administered. Nevertheless, opposition quickly grew in Georgia, as royal governor James Wright described in a letter to the British Board of Trade:
Source: Kenneth Coleman and Milton Ready (eds.), Colonial Records of the State of Georgia, Vol. 28, Part II (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1979), pp. 132-134.
January / February / March / April / May / June / July / August / September / October / November / December
To the best of our knowledge, images on this site are either (1) in the public domain, or (2) qualify for educational Fair Use under federal copyright law, or (3) are used by permission.
|©2013 Digital Library of Georgia||UGA | GALILEO | Contact Us|