TDGH - January 13
This Day in Georgia
- Ed Jackson and Charles Pou
- The University of Georgia
1733 After almost
two months at sea, James Oglethorpe and Georgia's first 114 colonists
sailed into Charles Town harbor aboard the ship Anne.
Upon arriving, Oglethorpe went ashore, where he
was warmly welcomed by South Carolina governor Robert Johnson
and the speaker of the Commons House of Assembly.
[Note: Letters, diaries, and records of this
time show dates based on the Julian calendar (referred to as "Old
Style") then in effect in Britain and the American colonies.
The Gregorian calendar ("New Style") was adopted in
1752. Thus, Jan. 13, 1732/33 (Old Style) represents Jan. 24, 1733
under the calendar now in effect. For a fuller explanation, click here.]
1868 Third Military
District commanding general George Meade removed Georgia provisional
governor Charles Jenkins and provisional treasurer John Jones
from office for their failure to honor his instructions to issue
$40,000 from Georgia's state treasury to cover the cost of the
Reconstruction constitutional convention then meeting in Atlanta.
Meade's order named U.S. Brig. Gen. Thomas Ruger as Georgia's
Ruger served as provisional governor until
July 4, 1868, when Rufus Bullock briefly held the position. Jenkins
responded to his removal by taking $400,000 from the state treasury
and depositing it in New York to secure the state's debt. Jenkins
also took Georgia's state seal to Halifax, Nova Scotia so that
provisional state officials would not have a seal to authenticate
legislative acts and other official documents. The third thing
Jenkins did after fleeing Georgia was to file suit in the U.S.
Supreme Court charging that Gen. Meade, Thomas Ruger, and others
had illegally seized state property.
1939 Vivien Leigh signed on to play the role of Scarlett O'Hara in the movie adaptation of Margaret Mitchell's novel, Gone
With The Wind.
1959 Ernest Vandiver was inaugurated governor of Georgia.
3 entry for biographical information.
judge William Bootle again ordered the University of Georgia to
admit Charlayne Hunter and Hamilton Holmes after they were temporarily
suspended following a nighttime riot outside Hunter's dorm. Governor
Vandiver announced that additional violence would not be tolerated,
and that he would provide whatever protection was necessary to
insure their safety. For more information, see the Civil Rights Digital Library section on UGA Integration.
1979 The U.S.
Postal Service issued a Martin
Luther King Jr. commemorative stamp to commemorate the slain
civil rights leader. First day of issue ceremonies were held in
1982 Hank Aaron and Frank Robinson became the 12th and 13th players elected to
the Major League Baseball Hall of Fame in their first year of
eligibility. Aaron came within nine votes of becoming the first-ever
unanimous selection, receiving 97.8 percent of the votes of baseball
writers participating in the Hall of Fame election.
Georgia governor Joe Frank Harris was inaugurated for his second
four-year term of office.
16 entry for biographical information on Harris.
2003 Gov. Sonny
Perdue was sworn in marking the first Republican governor of Georgia
In Their Own Words on This Day. . .
1733 James Oglethorpe and the first Georgia colonists arrived at Charles Town, South
Carolina. Earlier in the day, on first seeing the coast of America
from the decks of the Anne, Oglethorpe wrote the Trustees:
"We just now discover the coast of America
and it proves to be the land which lies off Charles Town. We
are now with nine miles distant and can, from the deck with the
naked eye, discover the trees just above the horizon, no disagreeable
sight to those who for seven weeks have seen nothing but sea
and sky. We have had a very favourable passage, considering that
we passed the Tropic of Cancer and stood to the southward 'till
we came into 20 Degrees and then stood back again to 32 where
we now are. By this means we lengthened our navigation from England
above a third, which was done to avoid the fury of the Northwest
winds that generally rage in the winter season on the coast of
America. We have lost none of our people except the youngest
son of Richard Cannon, aged eight months, and the youngest son
of Robert Clarke, aged one year and an half, both of whom were
very weakly when I came on board and had indeed been half starved
through want before they left London as many others were who
are recovered with food and care. But these were so far gone
that all our efforts to save them were in vain. Doctor Herbert
and all on board are in perfect health except Mr. Scott who was
bruised with a fall in the last storm. At present we are all
in a hurry so must beg leave to refer you for a fuller account
in my next letters. We intend to take in a pilot at this place
for to conduct us to Port Royal where we shall hire embarkations
to carry us to Georgia."
Source: Mills Lane (ed.), General Oglethorpe's
Georgia (Savannah: Beehive Press, 1990), Vol. I, p. 3.
1733 Peter Gordon
was one of the original Georgia colonists who came aboard the
Anne with James Oglethorpe. In his journal, Gordon recorded
their arrival at Charles Town:
"January the 13th about nine in the morning
we see two sails of shipps, and soon after we made land and stood
for it, which we discovered in a short time to be Charles Town.
Mr. Oglethorp sent for me, and desired to know if my cloaths
were on board, and if I could conveniently come at them, for
that he intended to send me ashore with his complements to the
Governour, and to bring of a pilote. But being advised to fire
guns, which is the usuall signall for pilotes to come off, and
that it would give us the greater dispatch, it was accordingly
done, but no pilote coming, Mr. Oglethorp resolved to goe himself,
and sett off emediatley from the shipp in the pinnace with six
rowers, Mr. Amatiss, Mr. Kilberry, and two servants -- about
six he arrived at Charlestown, and returned on board the next
day at noon, and brought with him Mr. Midleton one of the pilots
belonging to the men of warr, stationed at Carolina."
Source: [No author or editor cited], Our
First Visit in America: Early Reports from the Colony of Georgia,
1732-1740 (Savannah: Beehive Press, 1974), p. 9.
1869 The day
after the public opening of Georgia's new state capitol in the
building originally intended as the Kimball Opera House, the Atlanta
Constitution reported on the gala event:
"Last evening presented a scene long
to be remembered by our citizens ho had the pleasure of being
present at the opening of the 'so-called' Opera House, which,
from dome to basement, was brilliantly illuminated with gas.
The exterior of the edifice presented a perfect blaze of light
that arrested the attention of every passerby . . . .
"Entering the House of Representatives,
the ear was delighted with the sweetest music produced by the
military band of this post; who, we venture to assert have no
superior in the Army of the United States. Immediately above
their head was the full portrait of that brave old military chieftan
and perfect gentleman, 'Old Hickory,' a man whose name will never,
"The house is brilliantly lighted by
a circular of gas jets some thirty feet from the floor, and at
least fifteen feet in its diameter. All around these jets was
placed a fluted glass mirror, that threw the bright rays of light
completely over the room, rendering all side lights completely
unnecessary. The fresco work on the ceiling, and indeed all over
the room, was really magnificent, and elicited loud marks of
approval from all who visited the building.
"The Senate Chamber is very beautiful,
though no so imposing as the House of Representatives. Over the
seat of the President of the Senate, is a full length portrait
of Georgia Washington, the first rebel known in American history,
from the celebrated painting of Gilbert Stuart. It is very beautiful,
and an ornament to the Senate Chamber.
"The Supreme Court Library contains two
full length portraits; the one on the left of the Hall representing
Benjamin Franklin, the Printer, Philosopher and Statesman, and
the other, on the right, of the gallant Lafayette.
"The committee rooms deserve especial
notice for the extreme good taste in which they have been arranged,
but the apartments upstairs, the doors of which were all marked:
'Sleeping Room--For Rent,' were in bad taste to say the least
of it. They might very properly have been reserved for the use
of the attaches of the building, but the idea of making a cheap
lodging house out of the top so elegant a building seems really
absurd. . . ."
"The Messrs. Kimball have displayed a
tremendous energy in the matter; and certain it is, that this
colossal edifice is ready for the Legislature--is very nearly
completed, and is an ornament and architectural achievement of
which not only Atlanta, but the state may justly be proud."
Source: Franklin M. Garrett, Atlanta and
Environs: A chronicle of Its People and Events (Athens: University
of Georgia Press, 1969 reprint of 1954 original volume), Vol.
I, pp. 802-804.
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