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This Day in Georgia History
1751 Although some Georgia colonists had been violating the 1735 law prohibiting slavery since the mid-1740s, the Trustees finally repealed that law in 1750. That repeal became effective Jan. 1, 1751, which marks the official date that slavery became legal in Georgia.
1856 Lawyer and well-known Georgia politician John Macpherson Berrien died in Savannah.
Berrien was born on Aug. 23, 1781 in Princeton, New Jersey. Two years later, his parents moved to Savannah, where at age 18 he began the practice of law. In 1822, Berrien served a term in the Georgia Senate, and in 1824 the General Assembly elected him to serve in the U.S. Senate. In 1829, Berrien resigned to serve as Pres. Andrew Jackson's attorney general. In 1831, he returned to practice law in Savannah, where he helped form the Georgia State Rights party. In 1840, Berrien was reelected to the Georgia Senate, where he served for the next 12 years. Afterwards, he practiced law in Savannah until his death on Jan. 1 1856. The next month, the General Assembly created a new county and named it in his honor.
1863 Abraham Lincoln issued the final version of the Emancipation Proclamation. In Sept. 1862, he had issued a preliminary version announcing that on Jan. 1, 1863, he would issue a declaration as to which states were in rebellion against the United States. At that time, slaves in those states -- and only those states -- would be freed. In Lincoln's Jan. 1 proclamation, he announced that all eleven southern states that had joined the Confederacy were in rebellion -- though designated areas of Louisiana and Virginia were exempted from emancipation.
See also This Week in Georgia Civil War History.
1897 Atlanta University and Tuskegee Institute played the first black collegiate football game. The game, played in Atlanta, was won by Atlanta University.
1929 In its only Rose Bowl appearance, Georgia Tech defeated California 8-7. In the game, California player Roy Riegels ran 69 yards the wrong way after recovering a fumble in the Rose Bowl against George Tech.
1932 Campbell and Milton counties officially merged with Fulton County, thus reducing the number of Georgia counties from 161 to 159. Later, the Constitution of 1945 would mandate a maximum limit of 159 counties, though allowing the General Assembly to provide for consolidation of two or more counties subject to approval by voters of the affected counties.
1940 In its first Orange Bowl appearance, Georgia Tech defeated Missouri 21-7.
1942 Athlete Billy Lothridge was born. As a member of the Georgia Tech football team, he was runner-up to Roger Staubach for the 1963 Heisman Trophy. Lothridge later played professional football for the Miami Dolphins.
1942 Georgia beat Texas Christian 40-26 in its first Orange Bowl appearance.
1943 Frank Sinkwich led Georgia to a 9-0 victory over UCLA in the Bulldog's first and only Rose Bowl game.
1943 Georgia Tech lost to Texas 14-7 in its first Cotton Bowl appearance.
1944 Georgia Tech beat Tulsa 20-18 in its first Sugar Bowl game.
1946 Georgia beat Tulsa 20-6 in the Oil Bowl.
1947 Georgia beat North Carolina 20-10 in the Sugar Bowl.
1947 Georgia Tech beat St. Mary's 41-19 in the Oil Bowl.
1948 Georgia Tech beat Kansas 20-14 in the Orange Bowl.
1949 Texas beat Georgia 41-28 in the Orange Bowl.
1952 Georgia Tech beat Baylor 17-14 in the Orange Bowl.
1953 Georgia Tech beat Mississippi 24-7 in the Sugar Bowl.
1954 Georgia Tech beat West Virginia 42-19 in the Sugar Bowl
1955 Georgia Tech beat Arkansas 14-6 in the Cotton Bowl.
1956 Georgia Tech beat Pittsburgh 7-0 in the Sugar Bowl.
1960 Georgia beat Missouri 14-0 in the Orange Bowl.
1967 Georgia beat SMU 24-9 in the Cotton Bowl.
1969 Arkansas beat Georgia 16-2 in the Sugar Bowl.
1976 Arkansas beat Georgia 31-10 in the Cotton Bowl.
1977 Pittsburgh beat Georgia 27-3 in the Sugar Bowl.
1981 Undefeated Georgia beat Notre Dame 17-10 in the Sugar Bowl for the national championship.
1982 In the Sugar Bowl, Pittsburgh beat Georgia by the score of 24-20.
1983 In the Sugar Bowl, Penn State beat Georgia by a score of 27-23.
1989 Georgia beat Michigan State 34-27 in the Gator Bowl.
1991 Georgia Tech beat Nebraska 45-21 in the Gator Bowl, earning Tech the UPI coaches' national collegiate championship for 1990.
1993 Georgia beat Ohio State 21-14 in the Citrus Bowl.
1998 Georgia beat Wisconsin 33-6 in the Outback Bowl, in the process establishing two new and tying one Outback records. [Click here for a summary of the game.]
1999 Georgia Tech beat Notre Dame 35-28 in the Gator Bowl. While Tech lead for most of the game, Notre Dame battled back in the fourth quarter to tie the game at 28-28. Late in the game, Tech scored the game-winning touchdown. [Click here for a summary of the game.]
2000 Georgia and Georgia Tech spent the first day of the new century and millennium playing bowl games in Florida. In Tampa, the Bulldogs played Purdue in the Outback Bowl. In the first half, Purdue jumped to a 25-0 lead, but the Bulldogs came back to score 28 unanswered points, winning 28-25 in overtime. Across state at the Gator Bowl in Jacksonville, Tech took on Miami. Unfortunately for Tech, there was no miracle comeback, with Miami winning 28-13.
2003 The University of Georgia
Bulldogs completed their best season in twenty years by defeating the Florida
State Seminoles 26-13 in the Sugar Bowl. Georgia coach Mark Richt was facing
the team he had coached for previously before taking the reigns at UGA in
2000. The victory capped off a championship season for the Bulldogs, as
they won the Southeastern Conference title to advance to the Sugar Bowl.
Georgia running back Musa Smith was named the game's Most Valuable Player.
for a summary of the game.]
2008 The University of Georgia defeated Hawaii in the Sugar Bowl in New Orleans. Hawaii came into the game as the nation's only undefeated team, with a vaunted offense averaging over 46 points per game. But Georgia turned in a masterful defensive performance in holding Hawaii to only ten points, the only touchdown being scored well after the game was decided. The Georgia offense was impressive as well, scoring 34 points, with the defense adding a score of their own, making the final score 41-10. Georgia defensive end Marcus Howard was named the game's Most Valuable Player.
2009 The University of Georgia defeated Michigan State 24-12 in the Capital One Bowl in Orlando, FL, culminating a 10-3 season.
In Their Own Words on This Day. . .
1735 Georgia's early colonists were given a town lot in Savannah to build a house, a 5-acre lot at the edge of town for a garden, and then 45 acres in the countryside for a farm. However, the quality of land varied widely, some proving unsuitable for raising crops, as evidenced by the letter from Arthur Johnson to the Trustees:
Source: Mills Lane (ed.), General Oglethorpe's Georgia: Colonial Letters, 1733-1743 (Savannah: Beehive Press, 1990), Vol. I, pp. 83-84.
1817 Many proponents of slavery in Georgia were uncomfortable with the presence of free blacks in the state. And in some cases, as evidenced in this editorial in Milledgeville's Georgia Journal, the feeling was outright opposition:
Source: Spencer B. King, Jr., Georgia Voices: A Documentary History to 1872 (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1974 reprint of 1966 original volume), p. 201.
1864 In Covington, Ga., Dolly Sumner Lunt recorded the first entry in her Civil War diary:
Source: Dolly Sumner Lunt, A Woman's Wartime Journal (New York: The Century Co., 1918), p. 3.
1865 In Savannah, Gen. William T. Sherman prepared an official report outlining his strategy and the outcome of his March to the Sea. Included in his report was the following estimate the value of property destroyed in Georgia during the campaign:
Source: U.S. War Department, The War of the Rebellion:
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