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1730 In London, James Oglethorpe unveiled his plan for creating a charitable colony for poor debtors released from prison to Sir John Percival, a fellow member of the House of Commons who had served on his Gaols [Jails] Committee. At this point, Oglethorpe expected that the proposed colony would be located in the West Indies. Percival embraced the idea and quickly became a key figure in what would become the Georgia movement. [See "In Their Own Words . . ." below.]
Created from portions of Bartow and Floyd counties, the new county was named for William Gordon, president of the Central Railroad and Banking Co. and an active proponent of Georgia's transportation development. [Click here to see Savannah monument erected in Gordon's memory.]
Created from portions of Marion and Muscogee counties, the county was named for the Chattahoochee River, which forms the county's western boundary.
1917 Martha Lumpkin, daughter of Gov. Wilson Lumpkin, and for whom Terminus was incorporated as Marthasville in 1843, died in Atlanta. She had been born Aug. 25, 1827.
1941 Gov. Eugene Talmadge signed a joint resolution of the General Assembly proposing a constitutional amendment to change the term of the governor and other constitutional officers from two years to four. On the following June 3, Georgia voters ratified the amendment.
1956 The Secretary of the Senate sent S.B. 98 (which would change Georgia's state flag by adding the Confederate battle flag) to Gov. Marvin Griffin, who immediately signed it into law in a ceremony attended by flag designer John Sammons Bell and state senators Jefferson Lee Davis, and Sen. Willis Harden (who were the bill's primary sponsors). For more on Georgia flags, see the Flags That Have Flown Over Georgia site.
The same day, by a 39-0 vote, the full Senate adopted H.R. 185,
which declared that Georgia was interposing its sovereign power and declaring
the U.S. Supreme Court's Brown v. Board of Education decisions null and void.
2007 Charlie Norwood, U.S. Tenth District representative from Georgia, died at his home in Augusta after a lengthy battle with cancer.
2008 The University System of Georgia Board of Regents voted to approve a new Medical College of Georgia branch at the University of Georgia in Athens.
2008 Following a public and controversial debate on how to best honor longtime UGA football coach and athletic director Vince Dooley, the University System of Georgia's Board of Regents voted to approve a statue of Dooley to be located adjacent to the University of Georgia's Butts-Mehre Heritage Hall in a landscaped area with stone walls and metal plaques to be known as the Vince Dooley Athletic Complex. To view a photo of the statue, see the entry for Nov. 29, 2008.
2011 Georgia winners at the 2011 Grammy Awards were Lady Antebellum for Best Country Performance by a Duo or Group and Best Country Song for "Need You Now," Zac Brown Band and Alan Jackson for Best Country Collaboration for "As She's Walking Away," and Usher Raymond for Best Male R&B Performance ("There Goes My Baby") and Best Contemporary R&B Album ("Raymond V Raymond").
Georgia cities and towns incorporated by acts approved by the governor on Feb. 13:
1854 Graniteville (Coweta
In Their Own Words on This Day . . .
1730 James Oglethorpe originated the Georgia movement in Parliament, although initially he proposed that the new colony be located in the West Indies, as Sir John Percival [later Earl of Egmont] noted in his diary:
Source: U.K. Historical Manuscripts Commission, Diary of the First Earl of Egmont (London: His Majesty's Stationery Office, 1923), Vol. I, pp. 44-46.
1839 Sometime during her 1832-34 American tour, English actress Fanny Kemble performed in Philadelphia, where she met Pierce Butler. In 1834, they married and Kemble abandoned her promising acting career. Two years later, Butler and his brother inherited their grandfather's rice and sea island cotton plantations and over 700 slaves in coastal Georgia. Fanny was opposed to slavery, though she knew very little about plantation life. For several years, she urged her husband to allow her to see his Georgia plantations. Finally, in 1838, Pierce relented, apparently believing that she might change her opposition to slavery if she were to see how his slaves were treated. Pierce and Fanny and their two children arrived at Darien, Ga. on Dec. 30, 1838 and immediately proceeded a short way up the Altamaha River to Butler Island, where she would stay until Feb. 16, 1839, when they moved to Pierce's sea island cotton plantation on the north end of St. Simons Island. In mid-April, with warm weather coming, the Butler family returned to Pennsylvania. During her short stay in Georgia, Fanny Kemble Butler was shocked at what she saw, and almost immediately began compiling a journal documenting her firsthand impression of slave life. Her journal entry for Feb. 13 noted:
Source: John A. Scott, Journal of a Residence on a Georgian Plantation in 1838-1839 by Frances Anne Kemble (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1984), p. 174.
1865 While visiting her sister near Albany, 24-year-old Eliza Frances Andrews wished she could be back at her parents' home in Washington, Ga. She also recorded other observations about life in Georgia in the final months of the Civil War:
Source: Eliza Frances Andrews, The War-Time Journal of a Georgia Girl: 1864-1865 (New York: D. Appleton and Co., 1908), p. 92.
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