TDGH - April 21
This Day in Georgia History
Ed Jackson and Charles Pou
The University of Georgia
1732 In London, King George
II signed the royal charter
creating the new colony of Georgia. However, because of the many additional
approvals needed by other officials in the British government, final passage
of the charter would not occur for two more months.
1805 Politician Augustus
Holmes Kenan was born in Milledgeville, Ga. He would serve three terms in
the Georgia House of Representatives and one in the Georgia Senate before
raising a company of men to serve in Florida during the Seminole War. He
received notable citations from Gov. George Gilmer and Gen. Winfield Scott
for his role in the Cherokee removal. Kenan was a delegate to the Secession
Convention in 1861, where he argued and voted against secession. For unity's
sake he did sign the Ordinance of Secession. Kenan was one of nine Georgia
delegates to the Montgomery convention which produced the Confederate Constitution.
He became a loyal supporter and friend of Confederate Pres. Jefferson Davis,
which caused considerable friction between him and Georgia governor Joseph
E. Brown. Brown tried to block Kenan's pardon after the war, but the pardon
was issued by Pres. Andrew Johnson in May of 1865. Just three weeks later, on June
16, 1865, Kenan died at his home in Milledgeville.
1836 In Texas, Sam Houston
and Mirabeau Lamar commanded the attack on Mexican forces under Santa Anna
at San Jacinto. Lamar led a cavalry charge through enemy lines that gave
the Texas forces a victory and the capture of Santa Anna. A native of Georgia,
Lamar went to Texas in 1835 to join the fight for freedom. After the war,
Lamar became attorney general, secretary of war, vice president, and finally
president of the Republic of Texas in 1838. In 1840, a Texas county was named
in his honor [see special postmark
honoring Mirabeau Lamar].
1899 A large granite boulder with a plaque honoring Tomochichi was dedicated in Savannah. It had been
requested by the Georgia Society of Colonial Dames of America and furnished by the Stone Mountain Company
in Atlanta. [Click here for the story.] Tomochichi died on Oct. 5, 1739 [see entry], so 1899 would have marked the 160th anniversary of his death.
Tomochichi Memorial Early 1900s
Tomochichi Memorial Today
Tomochichi Memorial Plaque
The inscription reads:
In Memory of Tomo-Chi-Chi
The Mico of
The Companion of Oglethorpe
And the Friend and Ally of the
Colony of Georgia
This Stone Has Been Here Placed
By the Georgia Society of the
Colonial Dames of America
1982 Emory University announced
that former president Jimmy Carter had been appointed as University Distinguished
Professor effective September 1. In conjunction with Carter's appointment,
Emory further revealed plans to establish a policy research center at the
1982 After winning their
first 12 games of the season, the Atlanta Braves went into the bottom of
the ninth inning trailing 3-2. With one out, the Braves barely escaped what
appeared to be a sure double play. With two runners on, outfielder Claudell
Washington hit a single to score two runs and win 4-3. This set yet another
major league baseball record of thirteen consecutive wins to open the season.
1991 Following Atlanta's
selection to host the 1996 Summer Olympics, the U.S. Postal Service issued
a booklet of 10 U.S. Flag and
Olympic Rings stamps.
First day of issue ceremonies were held in Atlanta.
In Their Own Words on This Day. . .
1744 This day's entry from
William Stephens' journal in 1744 shows the matter of Indians was never far
from the minds of colonial officials:
"Mr. Joseph Watsons behaviour since his arrival has
been a riddle to the whole Town, having no certain abode, but sometimes
met walking in the woods in an odd habit, with a sort of short Gown or
Cassock made of the Coarsest black Cloth and gather'd at the Wrists, seeming
to betoken some order, and the rather, because of his giving it out that
he meant to convert the Indians, and by his frequent conversations with
them, indeed it might be imagined they met to some purpose or other.
But tis to be feared twas to trade with them, instead of preaching the
Gospel, and he has given very suspicious Tokens of it, which I am not without
hope of shortly discovering, tho by reason of his having no License (which
he has not been urgent for, probably thinking 'twould not be readily granted)
all that he does is concealed. But this is evident, that our Neighboring
Indians since his coming among them, have been very troublesome, getting
drunk with Rum, which none of our people (to give them their due) have
for a long time past been persuaded [sic] to Supply them with, knowing
their Mischievous dispositions when intoxicated; wherefore tis much to
be suspected, he had been trafficking with them in that Commodity . . .
Source: E. Merton Coulter (ed.), The Journal of William
Stephens, 1743-1745 (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1959), p. 95.
1863 John Banks, a 65-year-old
Columbus planter and businessman, would have seven sons serve in the Confederate
cause during the Civil War. But, as the day's diary entry reveals, not all
were gone at the same time. Furthermore, two of his sons had paid substitutes
to serve in their place for one enlistment period:
"Yesterday the [Nelson] Rangers left for Louisiana.
They have been here nearly a month recruiting their horses. Watkins and
Jo Watkins got substitutes. Watkins at $2,300 and Jo Watkins at $3,000.
Watkins had served two years. Elbert chose to go with the company. He and
Willis are the only sons in actual service. Eugene is through conscripting
and must soon enter again into the service. George on his plantation,
having resigned the lieutenantcy. No signs yet of the end of the war.
Various skirmishing at different points, resulting favorable for the Confederacy,
Source: John Banks, Autobiography of John Banks, 1797
- 1870 (Austell, Ga.: privately printed by Elberta Leonard, 1936), p.
1865 After visiting her
sister near Albany for several months, 24-year-old Eliza Frances Andrews finally
returned by train to her home in Washington, Georgia. In her journal, she recorded
the final day of her trip:
"That delicious clean bed in Sparta! I never had a
sweeter sleep in my life than the few hours I spent there. Fred said we
must be off at daylight so as to reach Mayfield in time for the train,
with our sorry team, so we bid our hosts good-by before going to bed in
order not to rouse them at such a heathenish hour. . . . We reached Mayfield
about nine and had to wait an hour for the cars to start. . . . Our other
companions joined us at Mayfield, and the Toombses brought the general
with them. I was glad to see him safe thus far, out of Yankee clutches,
but I would not like to be in his shoes when the end comes. He brought
confirmation of Lee's surrender, and of the armistice between Johnston
and Sherman. Alas, we all know only too well what that armistice means!
It is all over with us now, and there is nothing to do but bow our heads
in the dust and let the hateful conquerors trample us under their feet.
There is a complete revulsion in public feeling. No more talk now about
fighting to the last ditch; the last ditch has already been reached; no
more talk about help from France and England, but all about emigration
to Mexico and Brazil. We are irretrievably ruined, past the power of France
and England to save us now. Europe has quietly folded her hands and beheld
a noble nation perish. God grant she may yet have cause to repent her cowardice
and folly in suffering this monstrous power that has crushed us to roll
on unchecked. We fought nobly and fell bravely, overwhelmed by numbers
and resources, with never a hand held out to save us. I hate all the
world when I think of it. I am crushed and bowed down to the earth, in
sorrow, but not in shame. No! I am more of a rebel to-day than ever I was
when things looked brightest for the Confederacy. And it makes me furious
to see how many Union men are cropping up everywhere, and how few there
are, to hear them talk now, who really approved of secession, though four
years ago, my own dear old father -- I hate to say it, but he did what
he thought was right – was almost the only man in Georgia who stood out
openly for the Union. We found the railroad between Mayfield and Camack
even more out of repair than when we passed over it last winter, and the
cars traveled but little faster than our mule team. However, we reached
Camack in time for the train from Augusta, and as we drew up at the platform,
somebody thrust his head in at the window and shouted: "Lincoln's been
assassinated!" We had heard so many absurd rumors that at first we were
all inclined to regard this as a jest. . . . But soon the truth of the
report was confirmed. Some fools laughed and applauded, but wise people
looked grave and held their peace. It is a terrible blow to the South,
for it places that vulgar renegade, Andy Johnson, in power, and will give
the Yankees an excuse for charging us with a crime which was in reality
only the deed of an irresponsible madman. Our papers ought to reprobate
it universally. . . . We looked out eagerly for the first glimpse of home,
and when the old town clock came into view, a shout of joy went up from
us returning wanderers. When we drew up at the dépot, amid all
the bustle and confusion of an important military post, I could hardly
believe that this was the same quiet little village we had left sleeping
in the winter sunshine five months ago. Long trains of government wagons
were filing through the streets and we ran against squads of soldiers at
every turn. Father met us at the dépot, delighted to have us under
his protection once more, and the rest of the family, with old Toby frisking
and barking for joy, were waiting for us at the street gate. . . ."
Source: Eliza Frances Andrews, The War-Time Journal of a Georgia Girl, 1864-1865 (New York: D. Appleton and Co.,
1908), pp. 170-173.
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