TDGH - April 18
This Day in Georgia History
Ed Jackson and Charles Pou
The University of Georgia
1733 In London, Georgia's
Trustees voted to ask Prime Minister Robert Walpole when they could make
a motion in the House of Commons to petition King George II for government
funding in order to allow the Trustees to continue sending England's worthy
poor to the new colony of Georgia.
Just two months after the first Georgia colonists had arrived, the Trustees had quickly learned that Georgia was going to need more than voluntary contributions to succeed.
1737 In London, Georgia's
Trustees named William Stephens secretary for Georgia to serve for a term
of six years.
1861 Following Pres. Abraham Lincoln's
call for 75,000 volunteers to put down the rebellion, Gov. Joseph E. Brown called for Georgia men to volunteer for military service.
For more, see This Week in Georgia Civil War History.
1865 Union General William
T. Sherman and Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston signed an armistice
memorandum at Durham Station, North Carolina.
Because Georgia was under Gen. Johnston's command, it was clear that the Civil War would soon end for Georgia.
For more, see This Week in Georgia Civil War History.
1912 President William Howard Taft had
waited until the final tally of survivors from the Titanic sinking was available,
hoping in vain to find the name of his military aide and friend Major Archibald
Butt of Augusta on the list.
Archibald Butt (right) was Pres. Taft's Trusted Military Aide
After finding that Butt's name was not on the list of survivors, Taft replied, "I never had any idea that Archie was saved
at all. As soon as I heard that 1200 people went down I knew he went
down too. He was a soldier and was on deck where he belonged. I know
Archie died like a soldier."
1932 Former Georgia U.S.
Born in Cedartown, Ga. on Feb. 3, 1868, Harris attended the
University of Georgia for two years (1888-1890) but returned home to enter
the insurance business. In 1904, Georgia U.S. Senator Alexander Stephens Clay hired
Harris to be his private secretary. During this time, Harris made a number
of contacts with Georgia political figures. Harris resigned his position
in 1909 and was elected to the Georgia Senate the next year. In 1912, Harris
helped manage Woodrow Wilson's Georgia campaign for the presidency. After
Wilson's election, the new president appointed Harris to direct the U.S. Census
Bureau. He held several federal position before resigning to run for the
U.S. Senate in 1918. Harris was elected for three terms in the U.S. Senate.
Early in his third term, he died in Washington, D.C., with his funeral held
in the U.S. Senate chamber.
1947 At New York's Polo
Robinson hit his first major league home run off of New York Giant pitcher
Dave Koslo. When Robinson returned to the dugout, no Dodger shook his hand.
1974 Soul-singer James Brown was awarded a gold record – this time for his single "The Payback." Two
years earlier, he received his first gold record for "Get On The Good Foot
Part 1." Interestingly, the "Godfather of Soul" had 42 other chart-ranking
hits during his career. Though none won gold records, many – such as "I
Feel Good," "Papa's Got a Brand New Bag," and "Living in America" – are
more widely known.
1975 Gov. George Busbee signed a joint resolution [see text]
of the General Assembly declaring the honeybee as the official state insect
1982 The Atlanta Braves defeated the Houston Astros 6-5 to go 11-0 in the 1982 season. This tied
a major league record for most consecutive wins to open a season (incidentally
established by the Oakland A's the previous year). The win also set a new
franchise record for the Braves.
1983 Alice Walker won a Pulitzer Prize for her novel "The Color Purple."
1998 In the NCAA women's
gymnastic finals in Los Angeles, the University of Georgia defeated the University
of Florida for the NCAA national championship.
1999 Playing in Denver,
the Atlanta Braves scored 10 runs in the 9th inning. Added to the 10 runs
scored in the previous 8 innings, the Braves beat the Colorado Rockies by
a score of 20-5. This marked an Atlanta Braves record of most runs scored
in a game. In terms of Braves' history, this was the most runs in a game
since the Milwaukee Braves knocked in 23 runs in 1957.
2004 The University of Georgia men's golf team won the SEC championship at Sea Island,
2006 Gov. Sonny Perdue signed H.B. 713 designating February 6th of each year "Ronald Reagan Day" in Georgia. The date marks the birthday of Reagan, who was born Feb. 6, 1911.
2010 At the Academy of Country Music Awards ceremony held in Las Vegas, native Georgian winners were Lady Antebellum for Single of the Year and Song of the Year ("Need You Now"), plus Top Vocal Group, and Luke Bryan for New Artist of the Year.
In Their Own Words on This Day. . .
1774 In Savannah, Georgia's
royal governor James Wright addressed a delegation of Indians about recent
murders by both sides. He reminded them of previous peace treaties and warned
of the consequences if the violence continued:
"FRIENDS AND BROTHERS,
"I mean to speak to you as a Friend, plainly freely
and with Candour as Friends ought to talk with one another, and therefore
I will not hid or Conceal anything from you, but before I give you my Talk,
will acquaint you that I have been Informed that a Creek Indian who went
by the Name of the Elk was killed by some White Men in the Cherokee County
about a Month ago – and that three Weeks ago an Indian who went by the
Name of Mad Turkey was murdered by a White Man in Augusta – This Man lived
in, and came from South Carolina, and is certainly a very great villian,
the people at Augusta wrote me that they did all they could to take him,
but he made his Escape back again into Carolina – When I heard of this
I was very sorry and it made me very angry and I offer'd a Reward of One
Hundred pounds Sterling to any person that would catch him and bring him
here, as I very much wished to have got him before you Came Down, that
you might have been present and seen him hanged here. . . . And I shall
speak to you on the subject of the Murders committed by your People. –
By the several Treaties made and subsisting between Us, as well as those
which were Made by our Ancestors it is agreed that there should be 'peace
and Friendship between the White People and the Red, As long as the Sun
shines, and rivers run, and that we should be as one people, and our children
grew up together as Friends and Brethren, and if any Injury of Damage
is done by the White People to the Indians, or by the Indians to the White
People, It should make no Quarrel between Us, . . .' And our Ancestors
were wise men, and knew that Warr is very destructive to all parties. .
. . We can have Soldiers Enough, the GREAT KING will send us as many as
we want, if there is Occasion, & we ask for them, but we don't want
to Quarrel with our OLD FRIENDS, the Consequences of a Warr are very bad
and distressful, and we WISH to avoid them, and to live in Peace and
Quietness, to raise our Stocks, and plant our Ground, and carry on Our
Trade; this is what we WISH and WANT to do; and what are you to get by
a WARR? The Trade with you will be stop'd from all parts, the People all
round you now belong to the GREAT KING GEORGE, and they will take part
with us, and none of them will supply You with any thing; And what can
you do? Can you make Guns, Gun powder, Bullets, Glasses, paint and Cloathing
&c.&c. You know you cannot make these things, and where can you
get them if you Quarrel with the white people, and how will you Women and
Children get supplied with Cloaths Beads Glasses Scissars, and all other
things, that they now use and cannot do without? . . . And if you make
Warr with us in Georgia, It is the same as making Warr with the GREAT KING,
who has Soldiers every to fight for his subjects."
Source: Spencer B. King, Jr., Georgia Voices: A Documentary
History to 1872 (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1974 reprint of
1966 original volume), pp. 40-41.
1861 From Columbus, planter
and businessman John Banks recorded in his diary of the early news of the
"Some troops have succeeded in reinforcing Fort Pickens.
Otherwise they remain in statu quo.
"Tuesday [April 16] was a solemn day. Thousands came
in to see the troops leave. Many tears were shed. Some speeches made, etc.
"Today the cannon had been booming again. Virginia
has seceded and may possible arrest the war. Had she done it earlier, others
would have followed her. We still expect her example to influence North
Carolina and we hope all the other slave-holding states. Preparations are
being made on both sides for a conflict."
Source: John Banks, Autobiography of John Banks, 1797
- 1870 (Austell, Ga.: privately printed by Elberta Leonard, 1936), p.
1865 Eliza Frances Andrews' journal
entry for April 18, 1865 clearly shows the effects of the impending loss
of the Civil War:
"The first train on the Georgia R.R., from Atlanta
to Augusta, was scheduled to run through to-day, and we started off on
the Macon & Western so as to reach Atlanta in time to take the next
one down, to-morrow. There was such a crowd waiting at the depot that we
could hardly push our way through, and when the ladies' car was opened
there was such a rush that we considered ourselves lucky to get in at all.
. . . Many people had to leave theirs [baggage] behind, and some decided
to stay with their trunks; they contained all that some poor refugees had
left them. The trains that went out this morning were supposed to be the
last that would leave the city, as the Yankees were expected before night,
and many predicted we would be captured. There was a terrible rush on all
the outgoing trains. . . . People who could not get inside were hanging
on wherever they could find a sticking place; the aisles and platform down
to the last step were full of people clinging on like bees swarming around
the doors of a hive. . . . A party of refugees from Columbus were seated
near us, and they seemed nearly crazed with excitement. Mary Eliza Rutherford,
who was always a great scatter-brain when I knew her at school, was among
them, and she jumped up on the seat, tore down her back hair and went off
into regular hysterics at the idea of falling into the hands of the Yankees.
Such antics would have been natural enough in the beginning of the war,
when we were new to these experiences, but now that we are all old soldiers,
and used to raids and vicissitudes, people ought to know how to face them
quietly . . . ."
Source: Eliza Frances Andrews, The War-Time Journal of a Georgia Girl, 1864-1865 (New York: D. Appleton and Co.,
1908), pp. 149-151.
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