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1763 The initial issue of Georgia's first newspaper – Savannah's Georgia Gazette – was published.
1798 Pres. John Adams signed an act of Congress authorizing him to appoint commissioners to meet with representatives from Georgia to negotiate respective claims to all territories west of the Chattahoochee River and north of the 31st parallel. Additionally, the act provided for creation of the Mississippi Territory in Georgia's western territories to consist of all land between a line from the Yazoo River eastward to the Chattahoochee River on the north and the 31st parallel on the south.
The act further allowed the president to establish a government for the new territory. However, to ease Georgia's fears, the act provided that establishment of a government for the Mississippi Territory did not amount to a unilateral annexation of land claimed by Georgia.
1880 Former Confederate Commissary General Isaac Munroe St. John died in White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia.
St. John was born in Augusta, Ga. on Nov. 19, 1827. [See Nov. 19 entry for biographical information.]
1948 The U.S. Post Office issued a 3-cent Mississippi Territory commemorative stamp on the 150th anniversary of passage of act of Congress creating the territory from a portion of Georgia's western claims. The stamp showed a map of western Georgia with the new Mississippi Territory identified. [See April 7, 1798 entry above.]
1955 The first C-130 Hercules production aircraft lifted off the Dobbins runway in Marietta.
Dan Haughton, who succeeded James Carmichael as plant manager in 1952, led the fight to build the C-130 at the Georgia Division of Lockheed. The C-130 ensured that the Marietta facility would continue in operation after the Korean War ended in 1953. The plane has been described as a personnel carrier, heavy cargo hauler, paratrooper plane, heavy air-drop platform, and flying ambulance. It was designed to provide straight-in rear loading of cargo on pallets. By 1968 the company would deliver its 1,000th Hercules, and by 1990 the total reached 1,951. [Contributed by Dr. Tom Scott, Kennesaw State University]
1968 After his assassination, Martin Luther King Jr.'s body lay in state in Sisters Chapel at Spelman College in Atlanta. There, King's coffin was viewed by approximately 25,000 people, including his wife, four children, and father, as well as close friend Ralph David Abernathy.
Winning pitcher for the Dodgers was Don Sutton, who would later become a Braves' announcer.
1982 Atlanta Brave Brett Butler knocked in the winning run to defeat San Diego 6-4, marking the second of 13 consecutive wins to kick off the 1982 season.
1985 Former UGA Heisman Trophy winner Herschel Walker ran for a USFL record of 233 yards, leading the New Jersey Generals to a 31-25 victory over the Houston Gamblers. Walker's 88-yard run on his second carry of the game broke a second USFL record – longest run from scrimmage.
1775 Writing to friends and business associates in London, Savannah merchant James Habersham expressed his concern over the growing revolutionary movement in America. Though he did not wish to see open rebellion, neither did he agree with recent British policies. He correctly foretold the outcome of the situation in this letter, penned just eleven days before the Battles of Lexington and Concord:
Source: Collections of the Georgia Historical Society, Vol. VI, The Letters of the Hon. James Habersham, 1756-1775 (Savannah: Georgia Historical Society, 1904), pp. 235-236.
Source: Eliza Frances Andrews, The War-Time Journal of a Georgia Girl: 1864-1865 (New York: D. Appleton and Co., 1908), pp. 135-136.
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