Paulding County was created from Cherokee County on Dec. 3,
1832 by an act of the General Assembly (Ga. Laws 1832, p. 56).
for complete text of legislation.] According to the 1832 act
". . . so much of the first, second and third districts
of the third section, as lies west of the line herein-before
designated, and eighteenth, nineteenth, twentieth, twenty-first
districts of the third section, and the first, second and seventeenth
districts of the fourth section, shall form and become one county,
to be called Paulding."
In way of background, by 1830, the Cherokee Nation consisted
of most of northwest Georgia (see
map), plus adjoining areas in Alabama, Tennessee, and North
Carolina. Even while Cherokee Indians remained on their homeland
in Georgia, the General Assembly on Dec. 21, 1830 enacted legislation
claiming "all the Territory within the limits of Georgia,
and now in the occupancy of the Cherokee tribe of Indians; and
all other unlocated lands within the limits of this State, claimed
as Creek land" (Ga. Laws 1830, p. 127). The act also provided
for surveying the Cherokee lands in Georgia; dividing them into
sections, districts, and land lots; and authorizing a lottery
to distribute the land. On Dec. 26, 1831, the legislature designated
all land in Georgia that lay west of the Chattahoochee River
and north of Carroll county as "Cherokee County" (see
map) and provided for its organization (Ga. Laws 1831, p.
74). However, the new county was not able to function as a county
because of its size and the fact that Cherokee Indians still
occupied portions of the land. On Dec. 3, 1832, the legislature
added areas of Habersham and Hall counties to Cherokee County,
and then divided the entire area into nine new counties -- Cass
(later renamed Bartow), Cobb, Floyd, Forsyth, Gilmer, Lumpkin,
Murray, Paulding, and Union -- plus a reconstituted and much
smaller Cherokee County.
Georgia's 89th county was named for John Paulding (1759-1818),
who was a hero of the American Revolution. In 1780, Paulding
assisted in the capture of Major John André, a British
spy planning the seizure of West Point.
In 1851, part of Paulding County was used to help create Polk
County. Also, between 1832 and 1874 -- but particularly during
the 1850s -- portions of Paulding County were annexed to Bartow,
Campbell, Carroll, Cobb, Douglas, Haralson, and Polk counties.
Between 1850 and 1874, parts of Carroll, Cobb, Douglas, and Polk
counties were annexed to Paulding County.