Lumpkin County was created from Cherokee County on Dec. 3,
1832 by an act of the General Assembly (Ga. Laws 1832, p. 56).
for complete text of legislation.] According to the 1832 act
". . . so much of the said county of Cherokee as lies
within the fourth, fifth, twelfth, thirteenth, fifteenth, and
such parts of the sixth and eleventh districts of said first
section, as lies south of the mountains, to be more particularly
designated by a line hereafter to be run including such parts
of the counties of Hall and Habersham herein-before added to
said county of Cherokee, shall form and become one county, to
be called Lumpkin."
In way of background, by 1830, the Cherokee Nation consisted
of most of northwest Georgia (see
map), plus adjoining areas in Alabama, Tennessee, and North
Carolina. Even while Cherokee Indians remained on their homeland
in Georgia, the General Assembly on Dec. 21, 1830 enacted legislation
claiming "all the Territory within the limits of Georgia,
and now in the occupancy of the Cherokee tribe of Indians; and
all other unlocated lands within the limits of this State, claimed
as Creek land" (Ga. Laws 1830, p. 127). The act also provided
for surveying the Cherokee lands in Georgia; dividing them into
sections, districts, and land lots; and authorizing a lottery
to distribute the land. On Dec. 26, 1831, the legislature designated
all land in Georgia that lay west of the Chattahoochee River
and north of Carroll county as "Cherokee County" (see
map) and provided for its organization (Ga. Laws 1831, p.
74). However, the new county was not able to function as a county
because of its size and the fact that Cherokee Indians still
occupied portions of the land. On Dec. 3, 1832, the legislature
added areas of Habersham and Hall counties to Cherokee County,
and then divided the entire area into nine new counties -- Cass
(later renamed Bartow), Cobb, Floyd, Forsyth, Gilmer, Lumpkin,
Murray, Paulding, and Union -- plus a reconstituted and much
smaller Cherokee County.
Georgia's 82nd county was named for Georgia governor Wilson Lumpkin, who held office at the time of the county's creation.
Formerly U.S. representative, and later elected U.S. senator,
Lumpkin was active in all three roles in seeking removal of Georgia's
In 1857, part of Lumpkin County was used to help form Dawson