THE TOWN OF EBENEZER
Ebenezer was laid off in 1736,
after the plan of Savannah, covering an area of a quarter
of a mile square. Besides the homes, the plan included a church,
parsonage, an academy, orphan house, public storehouse
and market places. A thriving town at the beginning
of the Revolution, Ebenezer was fortified by the Continentals
in 1776. On January 2, 1779, it was captured by Colonel Archibald
Campbell, and occupied by the British until early in 1782.
During this time the people of Ebenezer were exposed to every
hardship. The town was again fortified by earthworks,
its handsome brick Jerusalem Church was used first as a hospital
for sick and wounded soldiers, later as a stable for
cavalry horses. Ebenezer became a thoroughfare for British troops
passing from Augusta to Savannah.
On the first Tuesday in July,
1782, as the town was once more in the hands of the Continents
and the headquarters of General Anthony Wayne, the Georgia legislature
assembled there, and Ebenezer became for a short time
the actual Capital of Georgia. February 16, 1796, Ebenezer was
made the County Seat of Effingham, and so served until 1799,
when the Courts were removedTo Springfield.