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GeorgiaInfo Material on Georgia Performance Standards for Historical Understanding


Standard SS8H1 Standard SS8H2 Standard SS8H3 Standard SS8H4
Standard SS8H5 Standard SS8H6 Standard SS8H7 Standard SS8H8
Standard SS8H9 Standard SS8H10 Standard SS8H11 Standard SS8H12

Georgia Performance Standard SS8H1

The student will evaluate the development of Native American cultures and the impact of European exploration and settlement on the Native American cultures in Georgia

a. Describe the evolution of Native American cultures (Paleo, Archaic, Woodland, and Mississippian) prior to European contact.

b. Evaluate the impact of European contact on Native American cultures, including Spanish missions along the barrier islands, and the exploration of Hernando DeSoto.

c. Explain the reasons for European exploration of North America and settlement, with emphasis on the interests of French, Spanish, and British in the southeast area of North America.

See GeorgiaInfo:

Georgia History Timeline: Prehistoric and Early History

Paleo Indians

Archaic Indians

Woodland Indians

Missippian Indians

Georgia Native Americans

French Presence in the Southeast

Spanish Presence in the Southeast

Spanish Missions in Georgia Map

1665 Carolina Map (includes land that became Georgia)

Azilia Land Grant

Margravate of Azilia Map

Ocmulgee National Monument Photos

Rock Eagle Photos

Fort King George Historic Site Photos

Foreign Flags that have flown over Georgia

GeorgiaInfo also recommends: Hernado DeSoto in Georgia from the New Georgia Encyclopedia

Georgia Performance Standard SS8H2

The student will analyze the role the colonial period of Georgia’s history

a. Explain the importance of James Oglethorpe, the Charter of 1732, reasons for settlement (charity, economics, and defense) Tomochichi, Mary Musgrove, and the city of Savannah.

b. Evaluate the Trustee Period of Georgia’s colonial history, emphasizing the role of the Salzburgers, Highland Scots, malcontents, and the Spanish threat from Florida.

c. Explain the development of Georgia as a royal colony with regard to land ownership, slavery, government, and the impact of the royal governors.

See GeorgiaInfo:

Georgia History Timeline: Georgia as an English Colony

1732 Georgia Charter

James Oglethorpe

Tomochichi

Mary Musgrove

William Stephens

James Wright

1733 Treaty of Savannah

Colonist Peter Gordon Early Report on Georgia

1733 Order to Georgia Trustees

Battle of Bloody Marsh

Colonial Georgia Wildlife

1739 Treaty of Coweta Town

1757 Treaty of Savannah

1733 Port Royal/Savannah Area Map

1735 Savannah Area Map

1740 St. Simons and Jekyll Islands Map

1741 St. Simons Island Map

1751 Georgia and Carolinas Map

1757 Carolina and Georgia Map

1773 Map of Colonial Georgia’s Parishes

Fort Frederica National Historic Site Photos

Wormsloe Historic Site Photos

Union Jack Flag

Historic Dates Trivia Questions

Georgia Performance Standard SS8H3

The student will analyze the role of Georgia in the American Revolution

a. Explain the immediate and long-term causes of the American Revolution and their impact on Georgia; include the French and Indian War (Seven Years War), Proclamation of 1763, Stamp Act, Intolerable Acts, and the Declaration of Independence.

b. Analyze the significance of people and events in Georgia on the Revolutionary War; include Loyalists, patriots, Elijah Clarke, Austin Dabney, Nancy Hart, Button Gwinnett, Lyman Hall, George Walton, Battle of Kettle Creek, and siege of Savannah.

See GeorgiaInfo:

Georgia History Timeline: Revolution and Early Republic

Elijah Clarke

Austin Dabney

Nancy Hart

Button Gwinnett

Lyman Hall

George Walton

Battle of Kettle Creek

Royal Governor James Wright’s Letter to the British Board of Trade Regarding Opposition to the Stamp Act

Resolutions Adopted by Georgia Patriots, August, 1774

Testimony of Savannah Loyalist John Hopkins (on being tarred and feathered)

1776 Rules and Regulations of the Colony of Georgia

Flags of the American Independence Movement

Grand Union Flag

Historic Dates Trivia Questions

Georgia Performance Standard SS8H4

The student will describe the impact of events that led to the ratification of the United States Constitution and the Bill of Rights

a. Analyze the strengths and weaknesses of both the Georgia Constitution of 1777 and the Articles of Confederation and explain how weaknesses in the Articles of Confederation led to a need to revise the Articles.

b. Describe the role of Georgia at the Constitutional Convention of 1787; include the role of Abraham Baldwin and William Few, and reasons why Georgia ratified the new constitution.

See GeorgiaInfo:

Georgia History Timeline: Revolution and Early Republic

1777 Georgia Constitution

Abraham Baldwin

William Few

Georgia Ratified the Articles of Confederation

1777 Georgia Constitution Adopted

Georgia Ratified the U.S. Constitution

Georgia Ordinance Ratifying the U.S. Constitution

First U.S. National Flag

Historic Dates Trivia Questions

Georgia Performance Standard SS8H5

The student will explain significant factors that affected the development of Georgia as part of the growth of the United States between 1789 and 1840

a. Explain the establishment of the University of Georgia, Louisville, and the spread of Baptist and Methodist churches.

b. Evaluate the impact of land policies pursued by Georgia; include the headright system, land lotteries, and the Yazoo land fraud.

c. Explain how technological developments, including the cotton gin and railroads, had an impact on Georgia’s growth.

d. Analyze the events that led to the removal of Creeks and Cherokees; include the roles of Alexander McGillivray, William McIntosh, Sequoyah, John Ross, Dahlonega Gold Rush, Worcester v. Georgia, Andrew Jackson, John Marshall, and the Trail of Tears.

See GeorgiaInfo:

Georgia History Timeline: Revolution & Early Republic

Georgia History Timeline: Antebellum Era

1789 Georgia Constitution

1796 Georgia Map

1798 Georgia Constitution

Yazoo Land Fraud

Eli Whitney

Cotton

1822 Georgia Map

1834 Georgia Map

Treaty of New Echota

Chief Vann House Historic Site Photos

Hofwyl-Broadfield Plantation Historic Site Photos

New Echota Historic Site Photos

Travelers Rest Historic Site Photos

Georgia Historic Dates Trivia Questions

Georgia Performance Standard SS8H6

The student will analyze the impact of the Civil War and Reconstruction on Georgia

a. Explain the importance of key issues and events that led to the Civil War; include slavery, states’ rights, nullification, Missouri Compromise, Compromise of 1850 and the Georgia Platform, Kansas-Nebraska Act, Dred Scott case, election of 1860, the debate over secession in Georgia, and the role of Alexander Stephens.

b. State the importance of key events of the Civil War; include Antietam, the Emancipation Proclamation, Gettysburg, Chickamauga, the Union blockade of Georgia’s coast, Sherman’s Atlanta Campaign, Sherman’s March to the Sea, and Andersonville.

c. Analyze the impact of Reconstruction on Georgia and other southern states, emphasizing Freedmen’s Bureau; sharecropping and tenant farming; Reconstruction plans; 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments to the constitution; Henry McNeal Turner and black legislators; and the Ku Klux Klan.

See GeorgiaInfo:

Georgia History Timeline: Civil War & Reconstruction

Georgia History Timeline: Antebellum Era

Georgia Platform

Secession Flags

Ordinance of Secession

Story of the “General”

Sherman’s Special Field Order, Nov. 8, 1864 (March to the Sea)

Sherman’s Special Field Order, Nov. 9, 1864 (March to the Sea)

1861 Georgia Constitution

1865 Georgia Constitution

1868 Georgia Constitution

1877 Georgia Constitution

Alexander Stephens

Joseph Emerson Brown

John B. Gordon

Howell Cobb

T.R.R. Cobb

Benjamin Hill

Robert Toombs

Cotton

1846 Georgia Map

1855 Georgia Map

1863 Georgia-Alabama Map

1864 Georgia Map

1874 Georgia Map

Confederate Memorial Day in Georgia

Andersonville National Historic Site Photos

Chickamauga National Battlefield Photos

Fort McAllister Historic Park Photos

Fort Pulaski National Monument Photos

Jefferson Davis Memorial Historic Site Photos

Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park Photos

Pickett’s Mill Battlefield Historic Site Photos

Georgia Historic Dates Trivia Questions

Georgia Performance Standard SS8H7

The student will evaluate key political, social, and economic changes that occurred in Georgia between 1877 and 1918

a. Evaluate the impact the Bourbon Triumvirate, Henry Grady, International Cotton Exposition, Tom Watson and the Populists, Rebecca Latimer Felton, the 1906 Atlanta Riot, the Leo Frank Case, and the county unit system had on Georgia during this period.

b. Analyze how rights were denied to African-Americans through Jim Crow laws, Plessy v. Ferguson, disenfranchisement, and racial violence.

c. Explain the roles of Booker T. Washington, W. E. B. DuBois, John and Lugenia Burns Hope, and Alonzo Herndon.

d. Explain reasons for World War I and describe Georgia’s contributions.

See GeorgiaInfo:

Georgia History Timeline: Late Nineteenth Century

Georgia History Timeline: Progressive Era-World War II

Henry Grady’s “New South” Speech

Henry Grady

Leo Frank Case

Joseph Emerson Brown

Alfred H. Colquitt

John B. Gordon

Alonzo Herndon

Tom Watson

Rebecca Latimer Felton

Von Gammon

Cotton

1877 Georgia Constitution

1885 Georgia Maps

1895 Georgia Map

1899 Georgia Map

1910 Georgia Map

1915 Georgia Map

Georgia State Flag 1879-1902

Georgia State Flag as changed in 1902

Georgia State Flag c. 1902 - c. 1920s

Georgia Historic Dates Trivia Questions

Georgia Performance Standard SS8H8

The student will analyze the important events that occurred after World War I and their impact on Georgia

a. Describe the impact of the boll weevil and drought on Georgia.

b. Explain economic factors that resulted in the Great Depression.

c. Discuss the impact of the political career of Eugene Talmadge.

d. Discuss the effect of the New Deal in terms of the impact of the Civilian Conservation Corps, Agricultural Adjustment Act, rural electrification, and Social Security.

See GeorgiaInfo:

Georgia History Timeline: Progressive Era-World War II

FDR’s Ties to Georgia

FDR Oglethorpe University Commencement Address, May 22, 1932

A Call for “Bold Persistent Experimentation”: FDR’s Oglethorpe University Commencement Address, 1932

FDR Campaign Speech in Atlanta, October 24, 1932

FDR Speech at Dedication of Techwood Homes, Atlanta, Nov. 29, 1935

FDR Gainesville Address, March 23, 1938

FDR Barnesville Address, August 11, 1938

Eugene Talmadge

Richard B. Russell, Jr.

Walter F. George

Cotton

1929 Georgia Map

Georgia State Flag c. 1920-1956

Georgia Historic Dates Trivia Questions

Georgia Performance Standard SS8H9

The student will describe the impact of World War II on Georgia’s development economically, socially, and politically

a. Describe the impact of events leading up to American involvement in World War II; include Lend-Lease and the bombing of Pearl Harbor.

b. Evaluate the importance of Bell Aircraft, military bases, the Savannah and Brunswick shipyards, Richard Russell, and Carl Vinson.

c. Explain the impact of the Holocaust on Georgians.

d. Discuss President Roosevelt’s ties to Georgia including his visits to Warm Springs and his impact on the state.

See GeorgiaInfo:

Timeline: Progressive Era-World War II

FDR’s Ties to Georgia

FDR’s 39th Visit to Georgia (one week before Pearl Harbor)

Carl Vinson

Richard Russell

Walter George

FDR’s 42nd, and Final, Visit to Georgia

“President Roosevelt Dies at Home in Warm Springs”

“The Death of a President”

Eulogies from Georgia Newspapers after FDR’s Death in Warm Springs

1945 Georgia Constitution

Little White House Historic Site Photos

Georgia State Flag (c. 1920-1956)

Georgia Historic Dates Trivia Questions

Georgia Performance Standard SS8H10

The student will evaluate key post-World War II developments of Georgia from 1945 to 1970

a. Analyze the impact of the transformation of agriculture on Georgia’s growth.

b. Explain how the development of Atlanta, including the roles of mayors William B. Hartsfield and Ivan Allen, Jr., and major league sports, contributed to the growth of Georgia.

c. Discuss the impact of Ellis Arnall.

See GeorgiaInfo:

Georgia History Timeline: Civil Rights and Sunbelt Georgia

Ellis Arnall

Ivan Allen, Jr.

William B. Hartsfield

Transportation and the Economy

Professional Sports Teams and Venues in Georgia

1952 Georgia Map

1955 Georgia Map

1970 Georgia Maps

Georgia State Flag (c. 1920-1956)

Georgia Historic Dates Trivia Questions

Georgia Performance Standard SS8H11

The student will evaluate the role of Georgia in the modern civil rights movement

a. Describe major developments in civil rights and Georgia’s role during the 1940s and 1950s; include the roles of Herman Talmadge, Benjamin Mays, the 1946 governor’s race and the end of the white primary, Brown v. Board of Education, Martin Luther King, Jr., and the 1956 state flag.

b. Analyze the role Georgia and prominent Georgians played in the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s and 1970s; include such events as the founding of the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), Sibley Commission, admission of Hamilton Holmes and Charlayne Hunter to the University of Georgia, Albany Movement, March on Washington, Civil Rights Act, the election of Maynard Jackson as mayor of Atlanta, and the role of Lester Maddox.

c. Discuss the impact of Andrew Young on Georgia.

See GeorgiaInfo:

Georgia History Timeline: Civil Rights and Sunbelt Georgia

Martin Luther King, Jr.

Benjamin Mays

Ralph Abernathy

Andrew Young

Maynard Jackson

John Lewis

Lillian Smith

Herman Talmadge

Lester Maddox

Three Governors Affair

Georgia State Flag (1956-2001)

Southern Manifesto

Interposition Resolution

Joint Resolution of the Georgia General Assembly relative to the operation of state schools

Martin Luther King, Jr. National Historic Site Photos

1952 Georgia Map

1955 Georgia Map

1970 Georgia Maps

Georgia Historic Dates Trivia Questions

GeorgiaInfo also recommends these items from the Civil Rights Digital Library:

Brown v. Board of Education
Atlanta Temple Bombing
Sit-Ins, Atlanta
Albany Movement
UGA Integration
March on Washington
Civil Rights Act
Poor People’s Campaign

GeorgiaInfo also recommends the following items from the New Georgia Encyclopedia:

Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)
Gray v. Sanders (1963)

Georgia Performance Standard SS8H12

The student will explain the importance of significant social, economic, and political developments in Georgia since 1970

a. Evaluate the consequences of the end of the county unit system and reapportionment.

b. Describe the role of Jimmy Carter in Georgia as state senator, governor, president, and past president.

c. Analyze the impact of the rise of the two-party system in Georgia.

d. Evaluate the effect of the 1996 Olympic Games on Georgia.

e. Evaluate the importance of new immigrant communities to the growth and economy of Georgia.

See GeorgiaInfo:

Georgia History Timeline: Modern Georgia

Georgia History Timeline: Civil Rights and Sunbelt Georgia

Jimmy Carter

1996 Summer Olympic Games

1983 (and current) Georgia State Constitution

1976 Georgia State Constitution

1999 Georgia Maps

2001 Georgia Maps (with contours)

2001 Georgia Maps (without contours)

Georgia State Flag (2001-2003)

Current Georgia State Flag

Act of the Georgia General Assembly designating Georgia as the poultry capital of the world

Georgia Historic Dates Trivia Questions

GeorgiaInfo also recommends the following items from the New Georgia Encyclopedia:

County Unit System
Lation Immigration
Gray v. Sanders (1963)