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GeorgiaInfo Material on Georgia Performance Standards for Geography, Civics, and Economics


Standard SS8G1 Standard SS8G2 Standard SS8CG1 Standard SS8CG2
Standard SS8CG3 Standard SS8CG4 Standard SS8CG5 Standard SS8E1
Standard SS8E2 Standard SS8E3 Standard SS8E4 Standard SS8E5

Georgia Performance Standard SS8G1:

The student will describe Georgia with regard to physical features and location

a. Locate Georgia in relation to region, nation, continent, and hemispheres.

b. Describe the five geographic regions of Georgia, including the Blue Ridge Mountains, Valley and Ridge, Appalachian Plateau, Piedmont, and Coastal Plain.

c. Locate and evaluate the importance of key physical features on the development of Georgia, including the Fall Line, Okefenokee Swamp, Appalachian Mountains, Chattahoochee and Savannah Rivers, and barrier islands.

d. Evaluate the impact of climate on Georgia’s development.

See GeorgiaInfo:

Location Map of Georgia

Geographic Regions of Georgia

Fall Line

Okefenokee Swamp Photo Gallery

Blue Ridge Mountains Photo Galleries

Chattahoochee River

Savannah River

Georgia Rivers

Physiographic Districts of Georgia

Brasstown Bald

Coastal Plain Photo Galleries

Piedmont Photo Galleries

Plateau Photo Galleries

Ridge and Valley Photo Gallery

Elevation Map of Georgia

Physical Maps of Georgia

Georgia Geography Trivia Questions

Georgia Performance Standard SS8G2

The student will explain how the Interstate Highway System, Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport, and Georgia’s deepwater ports help drive the state’s economy

a. Explain how the three transportation systems interact to provide domestic and international goods to the people of Georgia.

b. Explain how the three transportation systems interact to provide producers and service providers in Georgia with national and international markets.

c. Explain how the three transportation systems provide jobs for Georgians.

See GeorgiaInfo:

Transportation and the Economy

Georgia Performance Standard SS8CG1

The student will describe the role of citizens under Georgia’s Constitution

a. Explain the basic structure of the Georgia state constitution.

b. Explain the concepts of separation of powers and checks and balances.

c. Describe the rights and responsibilities of citizens.

d. Explain voting requirements and elections in Georgia.

e. Explain the role of political parties in government.

See GeorgiaInfo:

Georgia State Constitutions

Current Georgia State Constitution (without amendments)

Current Georgia State Constitution (Georgia Secretary of State)

Bill of Rights of Current Georgia State Constitution

Simplified Organization Chart of Georgia State Government

Detailed Organization of Georgia State Government

Detailed Organization of Georgia State Government Color Chart

State Budget Process in Georgia

General Assembly District Maps - House of Representatives

General Assembly District Maps - Senate

Voting and Elections Article of Current Georgia State Constitution

Voting Requirements and Applications

Georgia Political Parties

Voter Education

Georgia Performance Standard SS8CG2

The student will analyze the role of the legislative branch in Georgia state government

a. Explain the qualifications, terms, election, and duties of members of the General Assembly.

b. Describe the organization of the General Assembly, with emphasis on leadership and the committee system.

c. Trace the steps in the legislative process for a bill to become a law in Georgia.

See GeorgiaInfo:

Current Georgia State Constitution (without amendments)

Legislative Branch Article of Current Georgia State Constitution

How a Law is Passed in the Georgia General Assembly

How a Bill is Passed Chart

Simplified Organization Chart of Georgia State Government

Detailed Organization of Georgia State Government

Detailed Organization of Georgia State Government Color Chart

State Budget Process in Georgia

Hierarchy of Law in Georgia

General Assembly District Maps - House of Representatives

General Assembly District Maps - Senate

Georgia State Capital

Georgia State Symbols Trivia Questions

GeorgiaInfo also recommends: Georgia Stories (GPB)

Georgia Performance Standard SS8CG3

The student will analyze the role of the executive branch in Georgia state government

a. Explain the qualifications, term, election, and duties of the governor and lieutenant governor.

b. Describe the organization of the executive branch, with emphasis on major policy areas of state programs.

See GeorgiaInfo:

Current Georgia State Constitution (without amendments)

Executive Branch Article of Current Georgia State Constitution

Historical List of Georgia Governors

Constitutional Boards and Commissions Article of Current Georgia State Constitution

Georgia Executive Agencies

Georgia Regional Commissions

How a Law is Passed in the Georgia General Assembly

How a Bill is Passed Chart

Simplified Organization Chart of Georgia State Government

Detailed Organization of Georgia State Government

Detailed Organization of Georgia State Government Color Chart

State Budget Process in Georgia

Hierarchy of Law in Georgia

GeorgiaInfo also recommends: Georgia Stories (GPB)

Georgia Performance Standard SS8CG4

The student will analyze the role of the judicial branch in Georgia state government

a. Explain the structure of the court system in Georgia and how judges are selected.

b. Explain the difference between criminal law and civil law.

c. Describe the history of the juvenile court.

d. Compare the juvenile justice system with the adult justice system, emphasizing the different jurisdictions, terminology, and steps in the criminal justice process.

e. Describe the rights of juveniles when taken into custody.

f. Describe ways to avoid trouble and settle disputes peacefully.

See GeorgiaInfo:

Current Georgia State Constitution (without amendments)

Judicial Branch Article of Current Georgia State Constitution

Georgia Courts

Simplified Organization Chart of Georgia State Government

Detailed Organization of Georgia State Government

Detailed Organization of Georgia State Government Color Chart

Hierarchy of Law in Georgia

GeorgiaInfo also recommends: Georgia Stories (GPB)

Georgia Performance Standard SS8CG5

The student will analyze the role of local governments in the state of Georgia

a. Explain the origins, functions, purposes, and differences of county and city governments in Georgia.

b. Compare and contrast the weak mayor-council, the strong mayor-council, and the council-manager forms of city government.

c. Describe the functions of special-purpose governments.

See GeorgiaInfo:

Current Georgia State Constitution (without amendments)

Counties and Municipal Corporations Article of Current Georgia State Constitution

Education Article of Current Georgia State Constitution

A Brief History of Georgia Counties (includes section on County Government)

Georgia Cities

Georgia Counties

Georgia Counties and County Seats

Georgia School Districts A-E

Georgia School Districts F-N

Georgia School Districts O-W

Georgia Regional Education Service Agencies

Simplified Organization Chart of Georgia State Government

Detailed Organization of Georgia State Government

Detailed Organization of Georgia State Government Color Chart

Hierarchy of Law in Georgia

GeorgiaInfo also recommends: Georgia’s City Governments and Georgia’s County Governments from the New Georgia Encyclopedia

Georgia Performance Standard SS8E1

The student will give examples of the kinds of goods and services produced in Georgia in different historical periods

See GeorgiaInfo:

Peaches

Peanuts

Poultry

Pecans

Vidalia Onions

Apples

Cotton

Kaolin

Watermelons

Transportation and the Economy

GeorgiaInfo also recommends: Georgia Stories (GPB)

Georgia Performance Standard SS8E2

The student will explain the benefits of free trade

a. Describe how Georgians have engaged in trade in different historical time periods.

b. Explain Georgia’s role in world trade today.

See GeorgiaInfo:

Transportation and the Economy

GeorgiaInfo also recommends: Cotton Expositions in Atlanta from the New Georgia Encyclopedia

GeorgiaInfo also recommends: Georgia Stories (GPB)

Georgia Performance Standard SS8E3

The student will evaluate the influence of Georgia’s economic growth and development

a. Define profit and describe how profit is an incentive for entrepreneurs.

b. Explain how entrepreneurs take risks to develop new goods and services to start a business.

c. Evaluate the importance of entrepreneurs in Georgia who developed such enterprises as Coca-Cola, Delta Airlines, Georgia-Pacific, and Home Depot.

See GeorgiaInfo:

John Pemberton

Asa Candler

Robert Woodruff

Eli Whitney

Alonzo Herndon

Georgia Business Leaders

GeorgiaInfo also recommends: Georgia Stories (GPB)

Georgia Performance Standard SS8E4

The student will identify revenue sources and services provided by state and local governments

a. Trace sources of state revenue such as sales taxes, federal grants, personal income taxes, and property taxes.

b. Explain the distribution of state revenue to provide services.

c. Evaluate how choices are made given the limited revenues of state and local governments.

See GeorgiaInfo:

Taxation and Finance Article of Current Georgia State Constitution

GeorgiaInfo also recommends: Georgia Department of Revenue

GeorgiaInfo also recommends: Property Tax Guide for the Georgia Taxpayer from the Georgia Department of Revenue

GeorgiaInfo also recommends: Georgia Tax Center from the Georgia Department of Revenue

GeorgiaInfo also recommends: Georgia Stories (GPB)

Georgia Performance Standard SS8E5

The student will explain personal money management choices in terms of income, spending, credit, saving, and investing

The Georgia Council on Economic Education has information on teaching this objective; the program Financial Fitness for Life covers this standard.