Constitution of 1945: Art. XI
GEORGIA CONSTITUTION OF
(text as ratified by Georgia voters on
Aug. 7, 1945)
COUNTIES AND MUNICIPAL CORPORATIONS
Paragraph I. Counties A Corporate Body; Boundaries. Each county shall
be a body corporate with such powers and limitations as may be prescribed
by law. All suits by or against a county shall be in the name thereof; and
the metes and bounds of the several counties shall remain as now prescribed
by law, unless changed as hereinafter provided.
Paragraph II. Number Limited. There shall not be more than one hundred
and fifty-nine counties in this State.
Paragraph III. New Counties Permitted When. No new county shall be
created except by the consolidation or merger of existing counties.
Paragraph IV. Consolidation of Counties; Method. The General Assembly
shall have power, with the concurrence of two-thirds of the qualified voters
of each of the counties to be affected who participate in elections held
for that purpose, to provide for the consolidation of two or more counties
into one, or the merger of one or more counties into another, or the division
of a county, and the merger of portions thereof into other counties.
Paragraph V. Dissolution of Counties; Method. Any County may be dissolved
and merged with a contiguous county or counties by two-thirds of the qualified
voters of each of the counties affected who participate in elections held
for that purpose.
Paragraph VI. County Governments Uniform; Exceptions. Whatever tribunal,
or officers, may be created by the General Assembly for the transaction
of county matters, shall be uniform throughout the State, and of the same
name, jurisdiction, and remedies, except that the General Assembly may provide
for Commissioners of Roads and Revenues in any county, may abolish the office
of County Treasurer in any county, may fix the compensation of County Treasurers,
and may consolidate the offices of Tax Receiver and Tax Collector in the
office of Tax Commissioner, and may fix his compensation, without respect
Paragraph VII. Consolidation of Governments; Submission to Voters. The
General Assembly may provide by general law optional systems of consolidated
county and municipal government, providing for the organization and the
powers and duties of its officers. Such optional systems shall become effective
when submitted to the qualified voters of such county and approved by a
majority of those voting.
Paragraph VIII. County Lines. County lines shall not be changed,
unless under the operation of a general law for that purpose.
Paragraph IX. County Sites Changed; Method. No County site shall
be changed or removed, except by a two-thirds vote of the qualified voters
of the county, voting at an election held for that purpose and by a majority
vote of the General Assembly.
Paragraph I. County Officers; Election; Term; Removal; Eligibility. The
county officers shall be elected by the qualified voters of their respective
counties or districts, and shall hold their office for four years. They
shall be removed upon conviction for malpractice in office; and no person
shall be eligible for any of the offices referred to in this paragraph unless
he shall have been a resident of the county for two years and is a qualified
Paragraph II. Compensation of County Officers. County officers may
be on a fee basis, salary basis, or fee basis supplemented by salary, in
such manner as may be directed by law.
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