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This Week in Georgia Civil War History
Oct. 5, 1862: The Southern Confederacy of Atlanta reprinted (from a Savannah newspaper) an account of the withdrawal of Lee's army to Virginia after the Battle of Antietam.
Oct. 6, 1862: Below is the Oath of Allegiance to the state of Georgia taken by a Georgia soldier on this day.
Tensions between President Abraham Lincoln and General George McClellan continued. Lincoln had visited McClellan at Sharpsburg (see October 3), urging his to follow up on the Battle of Antietam. McClellan had also attended a meeting of the Lincoln's cabinet; they had also prodded him to act. The President attended a parade and review of the Army, after which he called the army "McClellans Bodyguard." But on this day, Lincoln ordered McClellan to start moving. McClellan considered it, but he wanted to see his family first.
The Confederate Union of Milledgeville printed an even more strongly worded editorial concerning the Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation; insisting there could never be peace while Lincoln was president, and that abolition had been his goal all along.
Another Georgia born general - Allison Nelson - died from disease (typhoid fever) on this day in Arkansas.
With McClellan wanting to see his family before moving his army, a clearly impatient Lincoln telegraphed him that perhaps they could meet in Washington, instead of him returning home.
Oct. 8, 1862: The Battle of Perryville, KY took place - largest battle on Kentucky soil. Five Georgia regiments were involved, and one of the leaders was native Georgian General William Hardee. The overall Confederate commander was General Braxton Bragg, who would lead the Confederate forces in the first major battle fought on Georgia soil in September of 1863. The results of the battle were mixed; the Union was forced to retreat from the battlefield, but it could also be considered a strategic Union victory, in that after the battle Bragg withdrew from Kentucky, and the Confederacy never again tried to invade there.
The Southern Banner of Athens reported on the good work being done for wounded soldiers at a hospital in nearby Union Point.
Oct. 9, 1862: Native Georgian James Longstreet, serving under Lee in the Army of Northern Virginia, was promoted to Lieutenant General.
The Richmond Times Dispatch mentioned Georgia three separate times, once for a regiment of cavalrymen captured in Kentucky, again concerning the death of General William Smith (see October 4),and finally for the troubles some were having in railroad shipping between Georgia and Virginia.
Confederate cavalry General J. E. B. Stuart began his second ride around McClellan's Army; it would conclude on the 12th. Stuart lead his cavalrymen across the fords of the Potomac River into Union territory to Chambersburg, PA. He destroyed every telegraph line in the route of march, stole horses for military use, and burned pubic buildings. McClellan, as usual, did nothing, further exacerbating the tensions between him and President Lincoln.
Two items from the Georgia Weekly Telegraph of Macon, first was another commentary on the , arguing that it was a political ploy to help the Republicans in the upcoming elections. Second was a recounting of the "desperate gallantry" of Robert Toombs at Sharpsburg.
There was also a sketch of Southerners burying their dead.
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