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This Week in Georgia Civil War History
March 30, 1862: The Southern Confederacy of Atlanta published a letter from a woman who was upset at the "croakers," the "chicken-hearted" people who were not fighting the war, but loudly complaining about the losses and shortages.
March 31, 1862: Below is a handwritten Oath of Allegiance to the State of Georgia taken on this day.
Apr. 1, 1862: A diary entry from a Columbus man for this day showed he was aware of the recent military setbacks the Confederacy had suffered, and that he was joining the movement not to plant cotton.
Continuing its crusade to encourage the growth of grain instead of cotton, the Southern Federal Union of Milledgeville referred to any planters who did not do so as "traitors."
An item in The Southern Recorder of Milledgeville indicated that the planters of Putnam County were heeding the call to grow grain and corn.
Apr. 2, 1862: The Southern Watchman of Athens published an editorial claiming that the war had only just begun, as Southern troops had pulled back to better ready themselves for the coming campaign. They remained confident in the final outcome.
Below is the discharge order for a Georgia soldier who suffered from venereal disease.
Here is a discharge order for a Georgia soldier who suffered from typhoid fever for 30 days.
Apr. 3, 1862: Below is the discharge order for a Georgia soldier who suffered from chronic rheumatism.
Apr. 4, 1862: The Georgia Weekly Telegraph of Macon indicated that the shortage of salt due to the Northern blockade was becoming very serious as summer approached.
Apr. 5, 1862: One of the defenders at Georgia's Fort Pulaski wrote home to his family on this day; he expressed both anger and sadness concerning the impending attack from Union forces. He was angry at the overwhelming superiority in firepower of the Yankees, and sad to see many of his fellow soldiers bravely preparing for death.
The Army of the Potomac began its siege of Yorktown, Virginia. While this was not a battle fought anywhere near Georgia, it was the beginning of the Peninsula Campaign, which would involve some Georgia troops.
This week's edition of Harper's Weekly printed an editorial on what to do with blacks freed from the South; the piece clearly showed that racism was prevalent in the North as well.
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