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This Week in Georgia Civil War History
June 7, 1863: The Battle of Milliken's Bend, a Confederate attempt to break siege of Vicksburg, took place. The Confederate forces did drive a portion of the Union forces away from the city back to the bank of the Mississippi River. But there Union gunboats opened fire on the Confederates, forcing them to retire back to Vicksburg.
June 8, 1863: The Southern Confederacy of Atlanta, as part of a lengthy review on the siege of Vicksburg, reported on the gallantry of some Georgia troops involved in the battles surrounding the city.
June 9, 1863: The Southern Recorder of Milledgeville reprinted an editorial from an Augusta newspaper, urging the Confederate government to use weapons captured in battle to arms the citizens at home for use in their defense in case of an invasion.
The Confederate Union of Milledgeville also wrote of Georgians arming themselves for defense.
The Battle of Brandy Station - the largest cavalry engagement of the war, and ever on American soil - took place. Union cavalry searching for the position of the Army of Northern Virginia as it began its march into Pennsylvania, encountered Confederate cavalry under J.E.B. Stuart at Brandy Station, Virginia. Stuart was surprised by the Union attack, and his headquarters overrun, but he was able to regroup and drive eventually drive the Union forces from the field. While the Union did not discover the Confederate army position, they did fight on an equal basis with the Southern cavalry - something that had not happened in the war to this time. So while the results of the battle were inconclusive, the Union cavalry came away with renewed confidence.
June 10, 1863: As was often the case with Civil War newspapers on both sides, the Southern Confederacy printed a very idealized view of the Southern moral position in the war, while demonizing that of the North.
Union troops seized St. Simons Island off the coast of Georgia.
June 11, 1863: A Georgia soldier writing to his mother told her of their marching, mentioned the cavalry having a "rough time" (see June 9, Battle of Brandy Station), and knew there was a confrontation coming.
The point where they would meet would be Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
The Union troops who had taken St. Simons Island the previous day looted and destroyed Christ Church (including its graveyard), Frederica, the city of St. Simons, and many of the plantations.
June 12, 1863: The Macon Daily Telegraph reprinted an editorial from a Richmond newspaper, boldly declaring the South was ready to fight for a century, if necessary, to avoid subjugation by the North.
June 13, 1863: The Macon Daily Telegraph laid out in detail the argument for States' Rights as the real reason, in their opinion, for the war.
The Battle of Winchester, Virginia began. General Robert E. Lee wanted the Shenandoah Valley cleared of Union troops after the Battle of Brandy Station on June 9. So he ordered Richard Ewell to confront what Union troops remained in the valley. Ewell did on this day and began pushing the Union troops back.
Click here to see the discharge order for a Georgia soldier released by a surgeon's certificate on this day.
Click here to see the discharge order for a Georgia soldier released because of disability.
Click here to see the discharge order for a Georgia soldier who had broken his arm, causing it to be deformed.
Harper's Weekly also printed an image of Union prisoners being marched through a Southern town - and mocked by its citizens - while one slave reaches for a soldier's hand.
To the best of our knowledge, images on this site are either (1) in the public domain, or (2) qualify for educational Fair Use under federal copyright law, or (3) are used by permission.
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