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Cherokee leader Major Ridge, with the permission of the federal government, evicted whites illegally settling on Cherokee lands. The action angered Georgia politicians.
President Andrew Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act, stating that all Indians were to be removed west of the Mississippi River.
Georgia governor George Gilmer signed an act claiming for Georgia all the Cherokee territories within the boundaries of Georgia. The act further divided the territory into four sections, directed its surveying, and provided for a system of distributing the land by lottery.
James Augustine Healy, who would become the nation's first African-American Catholic bishop, was born in Jones County.
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